Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 620m north east of East Wryde Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Thorney, Peterborough

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Latitude: 52.6283 / 52°37'41"N

Longitude: -0.0503 / 0°3'0"W

OS Eastings: 532061.897022

OS Northings: 305180.602403

OS Grid: TF320051

Mapcode National: GBR K0Q.63C

Mapcode Global: WHHNG.66BD

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 620m north east of East Wryde Cottages

Scheduled Date: 26 November 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021306

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33381

County: Peterborough

Civil Parish: Thorney

Traditional County: Cambridgeshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire

Church of England Parish: Thorney Abbey St Mary and St Botolph

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated approximately 620m north east of
East Wryde Cottages. The barrow has been covered and protected by later
deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible
as a gravel rise up to 0.7m high and 30m in diameter. The deeper lying
remains of the barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits, and include
an encircling ditch, from which earth was dug in the construction of the
mound. Although the ditch has become infilled over the years, it survives as
a buried feature, which is thought to measure 5m wide by comparison with
examples excavated elsewhere in the area. The barrow is situated on a gravel
island along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of
wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted
prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at
Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 620m north east of East Wryde Cottages is well preserved,
having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay. It will contain
a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and
duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site.
Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological
evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the
barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on the
environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since its
construction. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and

Source: Historic England

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