Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 380m north west of North Creaber

A Scheduled Monument in Gidleigh, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6792 / 50°40'45"N

Longitude: -3.9004 / 3°54'1"W

OS Eastings: 265830.629071

OS Northings: 88341.429752

OS Grid: SX658883

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.CKV8

Mapcode Global: FRA 27Q8.VP6

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 380m north west of North Creaber

Scheduled Date: 29 January 1975

Last Amended: 22 December 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021220

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34484

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Gidleigh

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Gidleigh Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle situated within enclosed land on
the east facing slope of Buttern Hill. The stone hut circle survives as a
circular double orthostatic wall surrounding an internal area measuring
10.4m in diameter. The wall itself is 1.2m wide and stands up to 1.5m
high. A later drystone wall built on top of the western wall of the hut is
up to 1m high. The original entrance probably faces east, but this has
been blocked.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 380m north of North Creaber survives very well and
originally formed part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill. The
building is visually impressive and will contain information relating to
the lives of the people who occupied this area during the prehistoric
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68NE20, (1986)

Source: Historic England

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