Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle and field system 580m north west of North Creaber, forming part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Gidleigh, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6807 / 50°40'50"N

Longitude: -3.9018 / 3°54'6"W

OS Eastings: 265737.444553

OS Northings: 88510.580162

OS Grid: SX657885

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.CKGS

Mapcode Global: FRA 27Q8.MS0

Entry Name: Stone hut circle and field system 580m north west of North Creaber, forming part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill

Scheduled Date: 29 January 1975

Last Amended: 22 December 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021219

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34483

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Gidleigh

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Gidleigh Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes part of a coaxial field system, an associated stone
hut circle and a short length of the Bradford Leat together with a small
clapper bridge, situated on the east facing slope of Buttern Hill. The
coaxial fields form part of the Buttern Hill coaxial field system and
survive as rubble banks with occasional protruding orthostats. At least
two distinct fields survive within the monument and within the western one
is a stone hut circle. This survives as a circular double orthostatic wall
surrounding an internal area measuring 7.3m in diameter. The wall itself
is 1.4m wide and stands up to 0.95m high. The eastern edge of this stone
hut circle has been cut by the Bradford Leat which carried water to the
tinwork at Bradford Pool (SX70009100) from Wildtor Well (SX63008758).
This leat was the subject of a well-documented court case during the
latter part of the 17th century, following which the leat was abandoned.
Two slabs robbed from the stone hut circle have been laid across the leat
to form a small clapper bridge measuring 2.1m long by 1.6m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and
field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The
reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced
during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They consist of simple linear stone
banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of
kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and
watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher
moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites
and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated
with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric
communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes
surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an
important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle and field system 580m north west of North Creaber,
forming part of a coaxial field system on Buttern Hill survive
comparatively well and will contain information relating to the use of
this area during the prehistoric period. The field system is one of three
major blocks of coaxial fields surviving on this part of Dartmoor and
provides a useful contrast to its larger neighbours.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 143
Costello, L M, 'Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in The Bradford Pool Case, , Vol. 113, (1981), 59-77
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (2002)

Source: Historic England

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