Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 400m north east of Low Pasture Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Lockton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3046 / 54°18'16"N

Longitude: -0.67 / 0°40'12"W

OS Eastings: 486636.919001

OS Northings: 490701.923824

OS Grid: SE866907

Mapcode National: GBR RLRN.QP

Mapcode Global: WHGBW.P24C

Entry Name: Round barrow 400m north east of Low Pasture Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 September 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021097

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35451

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Lockton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Lockton St Giles

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is situated in a prominent
position on a gentle south east facing slope, towards the northern edge of
the Tabular Hills.

The barrow has an earthen mound which stands up to 0.6m high. Over the
years the mound has become spread by ploughing so that it now has a
diameter of 27m. A narrow trench was excavated across the barrow in
1933-34 and this showed the construction of the barrow mound to have
included an internal circle of stone rubble. Two graves were found cut
into the natural rock beneath the barrow mound, but only a few fragments
of bone were recovered since the centre of the mound had previously been
part-excavated in antiquity, when it is thought that the graves were
emptied.

The fence posts along the eastern edge of the barrow mound and the surface
of the farm track to the east are excluded from the scheduling, although,
the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow 400m north east of Low
Pastures Farm has survived well. Significant information about the
original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be
preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment
will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is situated in an
area where there are other burial monuments as well as the remains of
prehistoric land division. The association with similar monuments offers
important scope for the study of the distribution of prehistoric activity
across the landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 132
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
Harland, (1934)

Source: Historic England

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