Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 395m north west of the Adder Stone

A Scheduled Monument in Allerston, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3007 / 54°18'2"N

Longitude: -0.6579 / 0°39'28"W

OS Eastings: 487433.231778

OS Northings: 490279.04

OS Grid: SE874902

Mapcode National: GBR RLVQ.C3

Mapcode Global: WHGBW.V5WD

Entry Name: Round barrow 395m north west of the Adder Stone

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1969

Last Amended: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020433

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34597

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Allerston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a round barrow situated on gentle north west sloping
ground overlooking Staindale Beck to the south, in a mature conifer
plantation on Adderstone Rigg, towards the southern edge of the Tabular

The barrow has a well-defined earth mound which measures approximately 12m
in diameter and stands 1.2m high. An unrecorded excavation in the past has
left a centrally placed depression measuring approximately 3.5m in
diameter and 0.7m deep. Some of the material removed during this
excavation has been left on the north west side of the barrow. Forestry
ploughing has clipped the north east side of the mound, truncating the
mound at this point to a depth of 0.3m.

The barrow lies within an area where there are many prehistoric monuments,
including further barrows and the remains of prehistoric land division.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance caused by archaeological prospecting and
forestry ploughing, the round barrow 395m north west of the Adder Stone
survives well. Significant information about the original form of the
barrow and the burial placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for
earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive
beneath the barrow mound.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Dalby Forest Survey, (1996)

Source: Historic England

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