Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 470m north of Brendon Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Brompton Regis, Somerset

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Latitude: 51.0965 / 51°5'47"N

Longitude: -3.4113 / 3°24'40"W

OS Eastings: 301269.2904

OS Northings: 133963.625

OS Grid: ST012339

Mapcode National: GBR LM.C7LQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 36R7.0V0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 470m north of Brendon Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 January 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020918

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35585

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Brompton Regis

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset


The monument includes a prehistoric bowl barrow located in an area known as
King's Brompton Common on the summit of a broad ridge which extends along the
Brendon Hills region of Exmoor. The bowl barrow is formed by a near-circular
earthen mound, the top of which has a slightly square profile. The mound
is 14m in diameter and is approximately 0.7m high. In keeping with other bowl
barrows in the region, the mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material
was quarried for its construction and, although no longer visible at
ground level, the ditch will survive as a buried feature up to 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and
Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little
excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal
Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a
comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human
exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day.
Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later
prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments,
standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most
numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to
the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds,
sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur
either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus
for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter
from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on
or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor
- the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge -
whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying
ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major
visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some superficial disturbance to the top of the mound, the bowl barrow
470m north of Brendon Hill Farm survives comparatively well and will contain
archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the monument
and the landscape in which it was constructed. Additionally, it is one of a
number of round barrows which occupy prominent positions on or near a
well-defined course along the Brendon Hills sometimes referred to as the
Brendon Hills Ridgeway.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 28

Source: Historic England

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