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Huish Champflower Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Huish Champflower, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0986 / 51°5'54"N

Longitude: -3.3887 / 3°23'19"W

OS Eastings: 302859.8988

OS Northings: 134168.086201

OS Grid: ST028341

Mapcode National: GBR LN.C1B8

Mapcode Global: FRA 36S6.X8V

Entry Name: Huish Champflower Barrow

Scheduled Date: 22 December 1976

Last Amended: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020692

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35313

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Huish Champflower

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Church of England Parish: Huish Champflower

Church of England Diocese: Bath and Wells

Details

The monument includes Huish Champflower Barrow, a bowl barrow located 720m
north east of Tone Farm, on the summit of a broad ridge which extends
along the Brendon Hills area of Exmoor.
The barrow is formed by an irregular round mound 21m in diameter and
approximately 1.6m high which is surrounded by a later rubble stone wall.
A partial excavation carried out in 1903 demonstrated that the prehistoric
mound was surrounded by a bank which at a later date was faced with stone
on its outer slope thereby forming a revetment wall. It has been recorded
that this modification took place around 1830 when the mound was planted
with larch and a ring of beech trees planted on the earth-topped wall. The
partial excavation also revealed a number of loose stones, some up to 0.6m
in height, within the mound and also layers of charcoal nearer to the
surface which may indicate that the barrow had been used as a beacon. It
was also suggested that a shallow depression surrounding the barrow is
associated with the wall construction.
The post-medieval enclosure wall is included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and
Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little
excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal
Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a
comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human
exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day.
Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later
prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments,
standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most
numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to
the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds,
sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur
either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus
for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter
from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on
or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor
- the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge -
whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying
ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major
visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.


Despite the mound having been disturbed by a partial excavation, Huish
Champflower Barrow survives comparatively well and is known to contain
archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Additionally, it
is one of a number of bowl barrows which occupy prominent positions on or
near a well-defined and linear east-west alignment along the ridge of the
Brendon Hills.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, Archaeology of Exmoor, (1970), 64,147
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 34

Source: Historic England

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