Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 540m north of White Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6005 / 50°36'1"N

Longitude: -4.026 / 4°1'33"W

OS Eastings: 256715.30301

OS Northings: 79828.453599

OS Grid: SX567798

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.KHPT

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GH.1C8

Entry Name: Round cairn 540m north of White Barrow

Scheduled Date: 12 March 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020874

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34449

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The monument includes a cairn situated in a prominent position on a ridge
leading between Cocks Hill and Lynch Tor. The cairn overlooks the valley of
the River Tavy and survives as a stony mound measuring 9m in diameter and
standing up to 0.9m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

The cairn 540m north of White Barrow survives very well and contains
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which it was constructed. The cairn has never been robbed or
partially excavated and its prominent position within the landscape suggests
that it was also built to serve as a territorial marker.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 127

Source: Historic England

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