Ancient Monuments

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Two concentric stone circles on Langstone Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5856 / 50°35'8"N

Longitude: -4.0406 / 4°2'26"W

OS Eastings: 255634.262477

OS Northings: 78198.324497

OS Grid: SX556781

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.DKX2

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FJ.7MW

Entry Name: Two concentric stone circles on Langstone Moor

Scheduled Date: 27 June 1963

Last Amended: 19 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007550

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20380

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes two concentric stone circles situated prominently on a
hill crest overlooking the valley of the river Walkham. The diameter of the
inner circle is 20.4m and includes 16 stones of which only seven remain
standing. The stones average 1m high and 0.5m square. A single stone
standing 3m to the south-west of the circle is the sole survivor of a second
outer ring. The interior of the circle is level.
These stone circles were partly restored in 1894 by the Dartmoor Exploration
Committee who re-erected the fallen stones and located four stones in the
outer ring.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone circles, or circular
arrangements of upright stones, were set into the ground and acted as
ceremonial and funerary monuments during the later Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods (c.2400-700 BC). On Dartmoor they are often found in association with
stone alignments and burial monuments such as cairns and cists. The circles
may be single or enclose further circles; they may occur as isolated examples
or in groups. The 26 examples on Dartmoor form one of the most dense
concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. Due to their relative
rarity (with a national population of only some 200 examples) and longevity as
a monument type, all stone circles are considered to be nationally important.

Despite evidence for stone robbing, restoration and twentieth century military
damage, the concentric stone circles on Langstone Moor retain important
archaeological information. The interior of the monument is believed to
contain deposits sealed by a peat layer, which would provide information
relating to the use of the site.
This monument forms part of a larger ritual complex, which extends over a wide
area and may have associations with the stone hut circle settlement situated a
short distance to the south.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Baring Gould, S, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Second Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, , Vol. 27, (1895), 84
Other
Bowman, A, Single Monument Class Description - Concentric Stone Circles, (1990)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE20,

Source: Historic England

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