Ancient Monuments

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Easternmost stone hut circle forming part of the settlement on Langstone Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Whitchurch, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.583 / 50°34'58"N

Longitude: -4.0376 / 4°2'15"W

OS Eastings: 255844.644358

OS Northings: 77903.544622

OS Grid: SX558779

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.LLQF

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FJ.GVJ

Entry Name: Easternmost stone hut circle forming part of the settlement on Langstone Moor

Scheduled Date: 27 June 1963

Last Amended: 14 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007555

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20371

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Whitchurch

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a gentle south-facing
slope overlooking the valley of the River Walkham and forming part of the
Bronze Age settlement on Langstone Moor. The building is terraced into the
hillslope and is composed of coursed drystone walling. The interior of the
structure measures 6m in diameter and has 2m wide walls standing up to 0.5m
high.
Eleven of the huts on Langstone Moor were excavated by the Dartmoor
Exploration Committee during 1894. A raised dais, a hearth and cooking hole
were found in several of them. The artefacts recovered included a flint core,
five flakes and a scraper. It is not known if this hut was excavated at this
time.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosures and stone hut circle settlement on Langstone Moor, to which
this hut circle belongs, survive well, are visually impressive and represent
particularly fine examples of their class. They contain archaeological remains
and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which
it was constructed and, as such, provide a valuable insight into the nature of
Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE17,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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