Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Bowl barrow 650m north west of Elworthy Barrows hillfort

A Scheduled Monument in Clatworthy, Somerset

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1001 / 51°6'0"N

Longitude: -3.3335 / 3°20'0"W

OS Eastings: 306723.688002

OS Northings: 134262.096001

OS Grid: ST067342

Mapcode National: GBR LQ.BWVZ

Mapcode Global: VH6H2.5MK2

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 650m north west of Elworthy Barrows hillfort

Scheduled Date: 4 April 1949

Last Amended: 24 July 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020725

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35319

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Clatworthy

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located in an area known locally as
Higher Hill, situated to the south west of Tilsey Plantation on the summit
a broad ridge which extends along the Brendon Hills area of Exmoor.
The barrow is formed of a large irregular mound about 19.5m in diameter
and 1.2m high. In keeping with other bowl barrows in the region, the mound
is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried for its
construction and, although it is no longer visible at ground level, the
ditch will survive as a buried feature up to 2m wide. A report of a
partial excavation of a barrow in 1833 which revealed `a ring of stones
encircling a quantity of ashes' along with the discovery of a stone or
flint spearhead, is believed to refer to this barrow. A shallow depression
across the surface of the mound may be the result of this antiquarian
partial excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and
Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little
excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal
Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a
comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human
exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day.
Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later
prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments,
standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most
numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to
the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds,
sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur
either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus
for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter
from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on
or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor
- the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge -
whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying
ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major
visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.


Despite having been ploughed in the past, the bowl barrow 650m north west
of Elworthy Barrows hillfort survives well and will contain archaeological
deposits and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed. Additionally, it is one of a number of round
barrows which occupy prominent positions on or near a well defined course
along the Brendon Hills sometimes referred to as the Brendon Hills Ridgeway.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, Archaeology of Exmoor, (1970), 64

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.