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Two bowl barrows at the south west corner of Pond Bottom Plantation, 1480m and 1520m NNW of Down Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Tarrant Monkton, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8683 / 50°52'5"N

Longitude: -2.1137 / 2°6'49"W

OS Eastings: 392094.959108

OS Northings: 107647.930211

OS Grid: ST920076

Mapcode National: GBR 30P.DFQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 66GT.2C6

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows at the south west corner of Pond Bottom Plantation, 1480m and 1520m NNW of Down Barn

Scheduled Date: 14 September 1962

Last Amended: 3 September 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020707

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33576

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Tarrant Monkton

Built-Up Area: Blandford Camp

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Tarrant Monkton with Tarrant Launceston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes
two bowl barrows, situated at the south eastern end of a chalk spur, 1480m
and 1520m NNW of Down Barn. The barrows previously formed part of a group
of four similar monuments although the two barrows to the west were
destroyed during the construction of Blandford Camp after 1914 and are
therefore not included in the scheduling.
The surviving bowl barrows, which are 12m apart, have mounds 15m and 16m
in diameter and up to 2.3m high, surrounded by quarry ditches, from which
material was derived for their construction, visible in places as slight
depressions, 2m wide.


MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cranborne Chase is an area of chalkland well known for its high number,
density and diversity of archaeological remains. These include a rare
combination of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites, comprising one of the
largest concentrations of burial monuments in England, the largest known
cursus (a linear ritual monument) and a significant number and range of henge
monuments (Late Neolithic ceremonial centres). Other important remains include
a variety of enclosures, settlements, field systems and linear boundaries
which date throughout prehistory and into the Romano-British and medieval
periods. This high level of survival of archaeological remains is due largely
to the later history of the Chase. Cranborne Chase formed a Royal Hunting
Ground from at least Norman times, and much of the archaeological survival
within the area resulted from associated laws controlling land-use which
applied until 1830. The unique archaeological character of the Chase has
attracted much attention over the years, notably during the later 19th
century, by the pioneering work on the Chase of General Pitt-Rivers, Sir
Richard Colt Hoare and Edward Cunnington, often regarded as the fathers of
British archaeology. Archaeological investigations have continued throughout
the 20th century and to the present day.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or
rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials.
They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a
focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although
differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a
diversity of burial practices. Over 10,000 bowl barrows are known to survive
nationally, of which a cluster of at least 395 examples has been identified on
Cranborne Chase. Some of these have been levelled by ploughing but remain
visible from the air as ring ditches. Buried remains will nevertheless survive
at these sites, both within the ditch fills and associated with the central
burial pit. Bowl barrows are particularly representative of their period,
whilst their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type
will provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and
constitute a significant component of the archaeology of Cranborne Chase. All
surviving examples within this area are, therefore, considered to be of
national importance.

The barrows at the south west corner of Pond Bottom Plantation, 1480m and
1520m NNW of Down Barn are well-preserved examples of their class and will
contain archaeological deposits providing information about Bronze Age
burial practices, society and the contemporary environment.

Source: Historic England

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