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Bowl barrow 620m south east of Langton Lodge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Langton Long Blandford, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8653 / 50°51'55"N

Longitude: -2.1255 / 2°7'31"W

OS Eastings: 391264.629222

OS Northings: 107320.354601

OS Grid: ST912073

Mapcode National: GBR 1ZB.PFN

Mapcode Global: FRA 66FT.9RH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 620m south east of Langton Lodge Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 September 1962

Last Amended: 3 September 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020706

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33575

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Langton Long Blandford

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Tarrant Monkton with Tarrant Launceston All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 620m south east of Langton Lodge Farm.
The barrow lies on the crest of a chalk ridge within Blandford Camp on the
parish boundary between Langton Long Blandford and Tarrant Monkton.
The barrow has a mound 15m in diameter and 1.5m high, surrounded by a
quarry ditch, from which material was derived for its construction,
visible as a slight depression on the north eastern side but elsewhere
surviving as a buried feature 2m wide. A slight depression on the top of
the mound may indicate former excavation although there are no records of
any finds.
All lamp-posts, fence posts, the antiquity marker and the road surface,
where this crosses the barrow ditch on the east side of the monument, are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features
is included.


MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cranborne Chase is an area of chalkland well known for its high number,
density and diversity of archaeological remains. These include a rare
combination of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites, comprising one of the
largest concentrations of burial monuments in England, the largest known
cursus (a linear ritual monument) and a significant number and range of henge
monuments (Late Neolithic ceremonial centres). Other important remains include
a variety of enclosures, settlements, field systems and linear boundaries
which date throughout prehistory and into the Romano-British and medieval
periods. This high level of survival of archaeological remains is due largely
to the later history of the Chase. Cranborne Chase formed a Royal Hunting
Ground from at least Norman times, and much of the archaeological survival
within the area resulted from associated laws controlling land-use which
applied until 1830. The unique archaeological character of the Chase has
attracted much attention over the years, notably during the later 19th
century, by the pioneering work on the Chase of General Pitt-Rivers, Sir
Richard Colt Hoare and Edward Cunnington, often regarded as the fathers of
British archaeology. Archaeological investigations have continued throughout
the 20th century and to the present day.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or
rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials.
They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a
focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although
differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a
diversity of burial practices. Over 10,000 bowl barrows are known to survive
nationally, of which a cluster of at least 395 examples has been identified on
Cranborne Chase. Some of these have been levelled by ploughing but remain
visible from the air as ring ditches. Buried remains will nevertheless survive
at these sites, both within the ditch fills and associated with the central
burial pit. Bowl barrows are particularly representative of their period,
whilst their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type
will provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and
constitute a significant component of the archaeology of Cranborne Chase. All
surviving examples within this area are, therefore, considered to be of
national importance.

The bowl barrow 620m south east of Langton Lodge Farm is a comparatively
well-preserved example of its class and will retain archaeological
deposits providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, society
and the contemporary environment

Source: Historic England

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