Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Northern of two round barrows in Dalby Forest known as the Brown Howes

A Scheduled Monument in Allerston, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3053 / 54°18'18"N

Longitude: -0.6228 / 0°37'22"W

OS Eastings: 489708.272092

OS Northings: 490837.395092

OS Grid: SE897908

Mapcode National: GBR SL2N.YF

Mapcode Global: WHGBX.D1NV

Entry Name: Northern of two round barrows in Dalby Forest known as the Brown Howes

Scheduled Date: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020587

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35160

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Allerston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Allerston St John

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which is situated in a prominent
position towards the top of a south west facing slope overlooking the
valley of Tom Milner's Grain, close to the northern scarp edge of the
Tabular Hills.
The barrow has a well-defined earthen mound which stands up to 2m high and
has a maximum diameter of 30m. Partial excavation in the past has left a
hollow in the centre of the mound. On its southern edge the mound has been
disturbed by a square hole which measures 4m across.
The round barrow lies in an area in which there are many other prehistoric
monuments, including further barrows and the remains of prehistoric land

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance, the northern of two round barrows in Dalby
Forest known as the Brown Howes has survived well. Significant information
about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it
will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary
environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is one
of a pair of burial monuments. Such clusters provide important insight
into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze
Age. The pair are situated within an area which includes other groups of
burial monuments as well as networks of prehistoric land boundaries.
Associated groups of monuments such as these offer important scope for the
study of the distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)

Source: Historic England

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