Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Chalton Down, 350m south east of Manor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Clanfield, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.936 / 50°56'9"N

Longitude: -0.9558 / 0°57'20"W

OS Eastings: 473471.422598

OS Northings: 115691.905401

OS Grid: SU734156

Mapcode National: GBR CD1.C5R

Mapcode Global: FRA 86WM.PH2

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Chalton Down, 350m south east of Manor Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 March 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020511

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34155

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Clanfield

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Chalton

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date,
situated on the broad crest of Chalton Down, a high, north-south oriented
chalk ridge situated near the Hampshire-Sussex border. Although significantly
lowered by modern ploughing, the barrow remains a prominent feature on the
down which was a major focus of ritual activity during the Bronze Age period.
The bowl barrow survives as a low circular mound, 25m in diameter and up to
0.5m high, constructed from chalk and flint rubble. There is no trace of a
surrounding quarry ditch, from which material would have been obtained for the
mound's construction, although this can be expected to survive as a buried
feature, infilled by later ploughing. Further archaeological remains
associated with the original construction and use of the monument, including
burials, grave pits, burial goods and the original ground surface can also be
expected to survive as buried features beneath the mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow on Chalton Down, 350m south east of Manor Farm survives
comparatively well despite later disturbance by ploughing and can be expected
to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the environment in which it was constructed. The monument is
closely associated with at least 12 other round barrows on Chalton Down,
most of which have now been destroyed. It has a prominent location close to
the Staunton Way long distance footpath.

Source: Historic England

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