Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles 80m and 130m north of Rippon Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Manaton, Devon

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Latitude: 50.568 / 50°34'4"N

Longitude: -3.7709 / 3°46'15"W

OS Eastings: 274682.7371

OS Northings: 75743.3647

OS Grid: SX746757

Mapcode National: GBR QG.RP07

Mapcode Global: FRA 27ZK.QQ2

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles 80m and 130m north of Rippon Tor

Scheduled Date: 19 February 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020377

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28783

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Manaton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ilsington St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes two
stone hut circles situated on the north facing slope of Rippon Tor overlooking
the valley of the Becka Brook. The interior of the northern stone hut circle
measures 4m in diameter and is surrounded by a 2m wide stoney bank standing up
to 0.7m high. A SSE facing gap in the wall may represent an original doorway.
The southern building survives as a 1.3m wide stoney bank standing up to 0.6m
high surrounding an internal area measuring 4.9m in diameter.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 80m and 130m north of Rippon Tor survive
comparatively well and represent an important source of environmental and
archaeological information for the settlement of Dartmoor in the later
prehistoric period. The settlement lies within the nationally important Rippon
Tor coaxial field system and close to several significant funerary cairns,
which are the subject of a separate schedulings.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 75

Source: Historic England

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