Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles and a length of boundary walling 250m west of Rippon Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Ilsington, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5663 / 50°33'58"N

Longitude: -3.7744 / 3°46'27"W

OS Eastings: 274430.18672

OS Northings: 75566.841811

OS Grid: SX744755

Mapcode National: GBR QG.RN30

Mapcode Global: FRA 27ZK.PCT

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles and a length of boundary walling 250m west of Rippon Tor

Scheduled Date: 19 February 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019602

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24126

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Ilsington

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ilsington St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes two stone hut circles and a length of boundary walling
situated on the west facing slope of Rippon Tor overlooking Blackslade Mire.
The interior of the western stone hut circle measures 7m in diameter and is
surrounded by a 1.7m wide stoney bank standing up to 0.5m high. A south west
facing gap in the wall may represent an original doorway. The eastern
building survives as a 1.6m wide stoney bank standing up to 0.5m high
surrounding an internal area measuring 7.6m in diameter. The boundary wall
leads south from this building and is formed by orthostats.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles and length of walling 250m west of Rippon Tor
survive comparatively well and represent an important source of environmental
and archaeological information for the settlement of Dartmoor in the later
prehistoric period. The settlement lies within the nationally important Rippon
Tor coaxial field system and close to several significant funerary cairns,
which are the subject of separate schedulings.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 75

Source: Historic England

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