Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone Ruckles round barrow on Beadlam Rigg

A Scheduled Monument in Pockley, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3066 / 54°18'23"N

Longitude: -1.0303 / 1°1'49"W

OS Eastings: 463193.348594

OS Northings: 490540.508892

OS Grid: SE631905

Mapcode National: GBR PL7M.RZ

Mapcode Global: WHF9L.40NV

Entry Name: Stone Ruckles round barrow on Beadlam Rigg

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1968

Last Amended: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020375

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32692

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Pockley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Pockley St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric
burial mound sited on the uphill, northern end of Beadlam Rigg.
The round barrow is sited on gently sloping, south facing ground. It is not
prominently located and not intervisible with other nearby round barrows,
although with the removal of intervening trees, it may be intervisible with
Aldergate Bank round barrow 1.2km to the south east. The barrow survives as a
10m diameter mound standing to 0.3m high with a central hollow 4m in diameter,
which is interpreted to be the result of excavation in the past. From a
surface inspection the barrow appears to have a high stone content, with
stones typically around 0.15m across. There is also evidence that the barrow
has an outer kerbing of larger stone slabs up to 0.5m across. Excavation of
other examples of round barrows in the region have shown that even where no
encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches
immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled
features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for
such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide is thus also included within the

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century
antiquarians in search of burials and artifacts, leaving behind a central
depression as evidence of their work. However excavations in the latter half
of the 20th century have shown that round barrows typically contain
archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Secondary burials
tend to be located within the main body of the mound and sometimes one of
these was mistaken for the primary burial which was usual the goal of the
antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further
secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the
mound and infilled ditch. Additional valuable information about the mound's
construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will
also survive antiquarian excavation.
Stone Ruckles round barrow on Beadlam Rigg is a good example of a small, less
prominently placed burial mound which will retain important information about
Bronze Age society in the area.

Source: Historic England

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