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Round barrow cemetery 780m south west of Amherst House, Bordon Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Whitehill, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1206 / 51°7'14"N

Longitude: -0.8761 / 0°52'33"W

OS Eastings: 478755.357453

OS Northings: 136301.751196

OS Grid: SU787363

Mapcode National: GBR C9V.MBD

Mapcode Global: VHDYL.R3P8

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery 780m south west of Amherst House, Bordon Camp

Scheduled Date: 9 March 1967

Last Amended: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020315

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34138

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Whitehill

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Blackmoor and Whitehill; St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a round barrow cemetery of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age
date (2000-700 BC), inconspicuously situated on a low gravel spur 600m west of
Bordon Camp. It includes a group of four bowl barrows and a bell barrow
aligned north east-south west along the spur. The monument lies in four areas
of protection. Two other barrows formerly visible within the cemetery have
subsequently been overlain by a modern housing development and are not
included in the scheduling.
The four bowl barrows all comprise low earthen mounds, ranging from 0.4m to
1.4m in height and from 11m to 26m in diameter. The bell barrow is slightly
larger, standing 25m in diameter and up to 1.7m high, and includes a narrow
berm around the northern and eastern flanks of the mound. All five barrows
have been disturbed by development, partial excavation, or both. They are
irregularly circular or oval in shape except the south western barrow, which
has been partly levelled to form a footpath and modern garden, and the central
barrow, which has been excavated on the western side and is now crescentic in
shape. There is no visible trace of a quarry ditch surrounding any of the
barrows, although such ditches, from which spoil would have been obtained for
the mound's construction, are common and will survive as buried features up to
2m wide. Further buried remains associated with the original construction and
use of all components of the monument, including the original ground surface,
burials, grave pits and grave goods can also be expected to survive.
All fence posts, MOD stars and a small area of asphalt covering part of the
monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetery 780m south west of Amherst House, Bordon Camp
survives comparatively well despite some subsequent disturbance. It can be
expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating
to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The bell barrow
is a rare survival nationally, with less than 250 known examples.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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