Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn in Dalby Forest, 340m south of Jingleby Tower

A Scheduled Monument in Allerston, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2864 / 54°17'11"N

Longitude: -0.6344 / 0°38'3"W

OS Eastings: 488992.950178

OS Northings: 488723.913822

OS Grid: SE889887

Mapcode National: GBR SL0W.F6

Mapcode Global: WHGBX.7J4B

Entry Name: Round cairn in Dalby Forest, 340m south of Jingleby Tower

Scheduled Date: 7 November 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020224

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35151

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Allerston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Allerston St John

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round cairn which is situated on level ground on the
central plateau of the Tabular Hills.
The cairn has a stony mound which measures 8m in diameter and stands up to
0.7m high. The surface of the mound is irregular as a result of modern
forestry operations.
The barrow lies in an area which has many other prehistoric monuments,
including further burials and the remains of prehistoric land division.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round cairn in Dalby Forest, 340m south of
Jingleby Tower has survived well. It is thought to be among only a few burial
monuments identified in the Dalby Forest area which do not appear to have been
excavated in the past. It will therefore have undisturbed archaeological
deposits in the centre relating to the primary burial, which are less likely
to survive in part-excavated barrows and cairns. Important evidence for
earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath
the cairn.
This cairn is the only one to survive in a group which originally had seven
burial monuments. The association with other similar monuments which lie in
the surrounding area provides insight into the distribution of ritual and
funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)

Source: Historic England

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