Ancient Monuments

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Two round barrows 680m south west of Jingleby Tower

A Scheduled Monument in Allerston, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2867 / 54°17'11"N

Longitude: -0.6443 / 0°38'39"W

OS Eastings: 488347.687452

OS Northings: 488739.494958

OS Grid: SE883887

Mapcode National: GBR RLYW.93

Mapcode Global: WHGBX.2JF4

Entry Name: Two round barrows 680m south west of Jingleby Tower

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1969

Last Amended: 7 November 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020218

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34685

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Allerston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Details

The monument includes two round barrows which are situated on level ground in
Dalby Forest, on the central plateau of the Tabular Hills. Also included is
part of a linear boundary which marks the boundary between the parishes of
Thornton Dale and Allerston.
The eastern barrow has a well-defined earth and stone mound which measures 18m
in diameter and stands up to 1.3m high. Partial excavation in the past has
left a hollow in the centre of the mound. The western barrow lies 30m to the
WSW. It has a well-defined earth and stone mound which measures 9m in diameter
and stands up to 0.9m high. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow
in the centre of the mound which extends to the west as a narrow trench. The
parish boundary runs approximately north to south across the eastern side of
the eastern barrow. The boundary has an earth and stone bank with a ditch on
its west side and has an overall width of 6m. The ditch is 0.5m deep and the
bank is 0.7m high, except on top of the barrow mound where the bank has a
maximum height of 1.6m above the surrounding ground level and the ditch is
only 0.3m deep.
The barrows lie in an area which has many other prehistoric monuments,
including further burials and the remains of prehistoric land division.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the two round barrows 680m south west of Jingleby
Tower have survived well. Significant information about the original form of
the barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence for
earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath
the barrow mounds.
The barrows are part of a group of four burial monuments, the other two of
which are the subject of separate schedulings. Such clusters provide important
insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze
Age.
The parish boundary is important because of its stratigraphic relationship
with the eastern round barrow.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Spratt, D A, Linear Earthworks of the Tabular Hills: North East Yorkshire, (1989), 36-41
Winchester, A J L, The Harvest of the Hills, (2000), 26-51

Source: Historic England

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