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Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 420m north west and 440m west of Horn's Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Holne, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5257 / 50°31'32"N

Longitude: -3.883 / 3°52'58"W

OS Eastings: 266622.242003

OS Northings: 71236.600955

OS Grid: SX666712

Mapcode National: GBR Q8.WB9D

Mapcode Global: FRA 27RN.WKL

Entry Name: Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 420m north west and 440m west of Horn's Cross

Scheduled Date: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020185

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28772

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Holne

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Holne St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes a partially
enclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a gentle west facing slope
overlooking the O Brook. The settlement includes at least three enclosures and
18 stone hut circles. The northern area of protection contains two enclosures,
at least 16 stone hut circles, a cairn and a number of prospecting pits. The
stone hut circles survive as circular or oval banks each surrounding an
internal area which varies from 7 sq m to 24.6 sq m, with the average being
14.9 sq m. The heights of the surrounding walls vary between 0.3m and 0.8m,
with the average being 0.53m.
Ten of the huts have visible doorways, four abut lengths of enclosure walling
and one underlies a later cairn. This cairn measures 4.4m in diameter and
stands up to 0.8m high.
Only part of the largest enclosure is visible, but the linear distribution
of the hut circles within its vicinity strongly suggests that these buildings
may have once been linked by a palisade or similar structure which now partly
survives as a buried feature. The two smaller enclosures are more complete
and in particular, the northern one possesses a very fine entrance measuring
0.7m wide and defined on both sides by large edge set slabs standing up to
0.75m high.
The second area of protection contains the southernmost enclosure and two
further stone hut circles.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 420m north west and 440m
west of Horn's Cross survives well and contains important environmental and
archaeological information. The settlement lies adjacent to the substantial
Dartmeet coaxial field system and will therefore provide contrasting
information to that available from settlements associated with these fields.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
RCHME, , Holne Moor Survey carried out for DNPA, (1966)
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The North' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1993), 191
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The North' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1993), 191

Source: Historic England

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