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Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 350m south west of Horn's Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Holne, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.522 / 50°31'19"N

Longitude: -3.8816 / 3°52'53"W

OS Eastings: 266710.999788

OS Northings: 70823.739364

OS Grid: SX667708

Mapcode National: GBR Q8.WJNL

Mapcode Global: FRA 27RP.9KN

Entry Name: Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 350m south west of Horn's Cross

Scheduled Date: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019274

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28771

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Holne

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Holne St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle settlement and cairn situated on a
gentle north facing slope of Holne Ridge overlooking the O Brook. The
settlement includes an agglomerated enclosure and three stone hut circles,
which survive as circular banks each surrounding an internal area which varies
from 7 sq m to 15.9 sq m, with the average being 10.7 sq m. The heights of the
surrounding walls vary between 0.4m and 0.8m, with the average being 0.63m.
One of the huts has a visible doorway and abuts the enclosure walling, one
underlies a later cairn and another lies outside the enclosures. The cairn
measures 7.6m in diameter and stands up to 1m high.
The agglomerated enclosure includes two elements. The wall of the eastern
enclosure is substantial, measuring 2.2m wide by up to 0.9m high. This wall is
composed of large rocks which are coursed in places and surrounds an area
measuring 30m by 20m. Two of the stone hut circles lie in this enclosure.
The second enclosure is much slighter in character being defined by a 1m wide
orthostatic wall standing up to 0.6m high.
The western enclosure is cut by two later leats which form part of the
complex leat system carrying water to tinworks on and beyond Holne Moor.
Within the monument, the southern leat is 0.6m wide, 0.15m deep and the upcast
thrown up during its construction forms a 1m wide and 0.1m high bank on the
downslope side. The northern leat is more substantial, measuring 1.7m wide
and 0.7m deep. The associated bank is 1.5m wide and 0.5m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 350m south west of Horn's
Cross survives well and contains important environmental and archaeological
information. The settlement forms part of a group lying close to the
substantial Dartmeet coaxial field system and will therefore provide
contrasting information to that available from settlements associated with
these fields. The reuse of a stone hut circle as a cairn is of interest and
there appear to be an unusually large number of such cairns on Holne Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
RCHME, SX67SE5, 1997,

Source: Historic England

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