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Deer park pale, 460m north east of Lyneham House

A Scheduled Monument in Yealmpton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3673 / 50°22'2"N

Longitude: -3.9964 / 3°59'46"W

OS Eastings: 258115.096875

OS Northings: 53842.274281

OS Grid: SX581538

Mapcode National: GBR Q3.7C8H

Mapcode Global: FRA 28J2.6X9

Entry Name: Deer park pale, 460m north east of Lyneham House

Scheduled Date: 7 March 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020161

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33795

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Yealmpton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a length of the medieval park pale surrounding Lyneham
Park and the earthwork bank enclosing a 19th century belt of beech trees,
which follow the pale. The length of park pale consists of an earthwork bank
2.5m wide and up to 1.2m high, with remains of a stone wall on its inner face,
falling up to 1.7m to a ditch which is 1.5m wide and 0.5m deep.
Further lengths of park pale surviving to the west and north west are the
subject of a separate scheduling.
The bank and ditch which encloses the belt of beech trees runs parallel with
the park pale 18m to the south west. The bank is 2m wide and 1m high with a
ditch 2m wide and 0.3m deep on its inside.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Deer parks were areas of land, usually enclosed, set aside and equipped for
the management and hunting of deer and other animals. They were generally
located in open countryside on marginal land or adjacent to a manor house,
castle or palace. They varied in size between 3ha and 1600ha and usually
comprised a combination of woodland and grassland which provided a mixture of
cover and grazing for deer. Parks could contain a number of features,
including hunting lodges (often moated), a park-keeper's house, rabbit
warrens, fishponds and enclosures for game, and were usually surrounded by a
park pale, a massive fenced or hedged bank often with an internal ditch.
Although a small number of parks may have been established in the Anglo-Saxon
period, it was the Norman aristocracy's taste for hunting that led to the
majority being constructed. The peak period for the laying-out of parks,
between AD 1200 and 1350, coincided with a time of considerable prosperity
amongst the nobility. From the 15th century onwards few parks were constructed
and by the end of the 17th century the deer park in its original form had
largely disappeared. The original number of deer parks nationally is unknown
but probably exceeded 3000. Many of these survive today, although often
altered to a greater or lesser degree. They were established in virtually
every county in England, but are most numerous in the West Midlands and Home
Counties. Deer parks were a long-lived and widespread monument type. Today
they serve to illustrate an important aspect of the activities of medieval
nobility and still exert a powerful influence on the pattern of the modern
landscape. Where a deer park survives well and is well-documented or
associated with other significant remains, its principal features are normally
identified as nationally important.

Despite slight damage, the park pale 460m north east of Lyneham House survives
well. Its bank and ditch will contain stratified remains relating to its
construction and use, necessary for the future understanding of the monument.
The section of later woodland bank will provide information on the later use
of this area of park, and of its relationship to the earlier pale.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, Waterhouse, R, (2000)

Source: Historic England

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