Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows at Creacombe Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Newton and Noss, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3318 / 50°19'54"N

Longitude: -3.9834 / 3°59'0"W

OS Eastings: 258931.807547

OS Northings: 49862.44291

OS Grid: SX589498

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.HNKL

Mapcode Global: FRA 28J5.5Y9

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows at Creacombe Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 February 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019318

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33755

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Newton and Noss

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three Late
Neolithic to Bronze Age bowl barrows, in a broadly south west to north east
alignment, sited on gently sloping ground to the north west of a small combe.
The western mound is 42m in diameter by up to 0.5m high and is composed of
orange sandy clay. An external ditch about 8m wide is barely perceptible on
the ground, but is visible as a cropmark. A few pieces of worked flint were
picked up on the surface of the mound.
The central mound is 36m in diameter, by up to 0.6m high and composed of
orange and grey sandy clay. No outer ditch is visible, though it will survive
as a 2.5m wide buried feature. The barrow is cut by a hedgebank bounding a
lane to its south.
The eastern mound is 52m in diameter by up to 1m high and is composed of
orange stony soil. Many pieces of worked flint of Neolithic or Early Bronze
Age date were picked up on the mound. The quarry ditch survives as a buried
feature 4m wide.
The surfacing materials of the lanes alongside the central and eastern barrow
are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite their reduction by ploughing, the three barrows at Creacombe Farm
still appear as visible earthworks which will retain information about their
construction and use. Their surrounding ditches will contain stratified
material and it is likely that their primary burials are undisturbed. Barrows
the size of the eastern example are uncommon in Devon.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Other
fieldwork by SMR, (1989)
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, (1999)

Source: Historic England

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