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Round cairn 240m east of Hob Hurst's House

A Scheduled Monument in Brampton, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2192 / 53°13'8"N

Longitude: -1.5674 / 1°34'2"W

OS Eastings: 428979.95718

OS Northings: 369208.864001

OS Grid: SK289692

Mapcode National: GBR 57Y.0KH

Mapcode Global: WHCD8.WBSZ

Entry Name: Round cairn 240m east of Hob Hurst's House

Scheduled Date: 25 June 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020087

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31299

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Brampton

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Beeley St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric cairn standing in open moorland to the
north east of Harland Edge. The cairn is associated with contemporary
funerary remains in the surrounding area.

The cairn comprises a low mound of surface-worn gritstones occupying gently
sloping ground. This elevated location, a short distance down the dipslope
north of Harland Edge, provides extensive views to the north over Brampton
East Moor, encompassing the site of a prehistoric cairnfield some 950m to the
north west. The cairn measures 4m by 4.5m and stands 0.3m high. There are no
signs of disturbance to the monument, indicating that it has avoided damage
through antiquarian excavation or quarrying.

The size and location of the monument indicate that it is funerary in function
and Bronze Age in date. As an undisturbed example of a round cairn the
monument is likely to contain intact funerary deposits. The cairn represents a
ceremonial site that, taken in conjunction with nearby contemporary funerary
and agricultural features, provides substantial evidence for the settlement
and ceremonial use of the surrounding area during the Bronze Age. Other
prehistoric sites on this moor are protected separately.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and
other ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life
in the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairn are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials were placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The round cairn 240m east of Hob Hurst's House remains intact and will contain
undisturbed funerary deposits. The monument is also important because of its
position in the landcape, overlooking a cairnfield to the north and in its
association with nearby contemporary funerary monuments including Hob Hurst's
House.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), Area 16
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), area 18
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 100-112

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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