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Round cairn on Harland Edge

A Scheduled Monument in Brampton, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2163 / 53°12'58"N

Longitude: -1.5611 / 1°33'39"W

OS Eastings: 429407.648512

OS Northings: 368894.09141

OS Grid: SK294688

Mapcode National: GBR 57Y.85C

Mapcode Global: WHCD8.ZFT5

Entry Name: Round cairn on Harland Edge

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008602

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23326

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Brampton

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Beeley St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument is situated on the north east facing slope below the crest of
Harland Edge which is in the area of the eastern gritstone moorlands of the
Peak District commonly known as the East Moors. It includes a gritstone cairn
with a diameter of c.4.5m and a height of c.0.5m. The original form of the
cairn is uncertain because it has had a shooting butt built into the side, but
it is likely to have been roughly circular. It is one of several cairns to be
found on Harland Edge, all of which are assigned to the Bronze Age on the
basis of form, excavated evidence and their proximity to the extensive Bronze
Age field systems occurring below Harland Edge on Beeley Moor and Beeley
Warren.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The cairn is a reasonably well preserved example which, although partially
disturbed by a shooting butt, retains significant intact archaeological
remains. Also of importance is its proximity to other Bronze Age cairns and
its association with a relict Bronze Age landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, , Vol. 106, (1986), 63
Other
Barnatt, John, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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