Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 445m south west of East Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Upton Lovell, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.171 / 51°10'15"N

Longitude: -2.0917 / 2°5'30"W

OS Eastings: 393684.854854

OS Northings: 141305.241217

OS Grid: ST936413

Mapcode National: GBR 2X1.D0R

Mapcode Global: VH97Q.PTKQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 445m south west of East Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020031

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34189

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Upton Lovell

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Heytesbury with Tytherington and Knook St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the flood plain of the River
Wylye 300m west of the river, and to the south of the village of Knook.
The mound of the barrow has been spread by ploughing but still stands to a
height of 1.1m. It is circular with a diameter of 46m, although to the west it
has been truncated slightly by a downcut path (a track, similar to a hollow
way, cut slightly beneath the surrounding ground surface), bounded on both
sides by a hedge.
The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has been covered by the spreading of the mound but will
survive as a buried feature 3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some spreading due to ploughing, the bowl barrow 445m south west of
East Farm is a good survival in an unusual location on low lying land. There
is no record that the barrow has been excavated and it therefore has a high
potential for the preservation of archaeological and environmental remains
relating to the monument's construction and use, and to the contemporary

Source: Historic England

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