Ancient Monuments

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Cairnfield 615m west of Moor Edge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Dore and Totley, Sheffield

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.3044 / 53°18'15"N

Longitude: -1.5669 / 1°34'0"W

OS Eastings: 428954.983168

OS Northings: 378696.242068

OS Grid: SK289786

Mapcode National: GBR KZH7.K5

Mapcode Global: WHCCW.X60L

Entry Name: Cairnfield 615m west of Moor Edge Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 May 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019905

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31291

County: Sheffield

Electoral Ward/Division: Dore and Totley

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Dronfield St John Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a compact prehistoric cairnfield providing evidence for
Bronze Age land use.

The cairnfield occupies gently sloping ground on a ridge of moorland. It
comprises at least seven small cairns in close proximity to each other forming
a tight cluster. The cairns are small, ranging from 1m to 2.5m in diameter.
The cairnfield lies in generally stony ground to the south of a more extensive
area of prehistoric settlement further along the same ridge. The cairns are
interpreted as clearance measures to improve the landsurface for agriculture,
although some or all of the cairns may have held a funerary function and may
contain undisturbed human remains. Other cairnfields in this area of moor are
the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and
other ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life
in the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
gathered from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it is impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period although the
majority of examples date from the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable
longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields
provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural
practices. They also provide information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation during the prehistoric period.

The cairnfield 615m west of Moor Edge Farm survives reasonably well and is
important to our understanding of Bronze Age activity in the region.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, (1986), 41-3
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, (1986), 41-3

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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