Ancient Monuments

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Wayside cross west of Saltersitch Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Holmesfield, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2973 / 53°17'50"N

Longitude: -1.5718 / 1°34'18"W

OS Eastings: 428633.869246

OS Northings: 377900.724373

OS Grid: SK286779

Mapcode National: GBR KZG9.HQ

Mapcode Global: WHCCW.TDP2

Entry Name: Wayside cross west of Saltersitch Bridge

Scheduled Date: 25 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009291

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23362

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Holmesfield

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Dronfield St John Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument is located on Totley Moor in the eastern gritstone moorlands of
the Derbyshire Peak District and is the base or socle of a medieval wayside
cross. It comprises a natural earthfast gritstone block which has possibly
been roughly dressed in situ to give right-angled corners but otherwise lacks
evidence of tooling except for the roughly square socket hole in the top. This
socket hole, which measures c.25cm by 25cm by 15cm deep, would originally have
housed a cross shaft but this component, together with the cross head, is
missing, possibly due to the depredations of 16th or 17th century iconoclasts.
The socle has an average height of c.40cm and measures 70cm on its north side,
50cm on its east and south sides and 60cm on its west side. It is located
close to a track which may represent an ancient route across Totley Moor and
Big Moor. It represents one of a group of wayside crosses associated with this
area of the Peak District.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
pilgrimages.
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

This example on Totley Moor, though lacking its shaft and cross head, is
reasonably well preserved and important as one of the regional group of
wayside crosses marking routes across the East Moors.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Hill, Angela Shackleton, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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