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Prehistoric to post-medieval funerary, ritual and settlement remains on and around Louden Hill

A Scheduled Monument in St. Breward, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5904 / 50°35'25"N

Longitude: -4.6347 / 4°38'5"W

OS Eastings: 213601.153953

OS Northings: 80050.137352

OS Grid: SX136800

Mapcode National: GBR N6.D3BR

Mapcode Global: FRA 175H.XWH

Entry Name: Prehistoric to post-medieval funerary, ritual and settlement remains on and around Louden Hill

Scheduled Date: 18 October 1973

Last Amended: 9 May 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019885

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15550

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Breward

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Breward

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The scheduling includes extensive remains from successive episodes of
prehistoric and later activity on Louden Hill and its immediate environs on
north western Bodmin Moor. These remains include at least 30 prehistoric
funerary and ritual sites of various forms together with multiple phases of
prehistoric settlement whose field systems are associated with at least 65 hut
circles. Later prehistoric to early medieval stock herding prompted some
clearance of earlier features on the south east side of the hill and produced
at least ten herdsman's seasonal shelters called transhumance huts. A later
medieval settlement established on the east side of the hill occupies a
landholding encompassing most of Louden Hill and Steping Hill to the south
east, its boundaries defining both the holding and adjacent cross-moor
routeways. Post-medieval features include sites of moorstone-working, peat-
cutting and a small rabbit warren.
The patterning and relationships of the prehistoric features demonstrates a
sequence of early land use on Louden Hill. At the start of this sequence is an
irregular aggregate field system: a network of irregular plots, commonly
50m-100m across with low wavering walls, which cover much of the hill's west,
south west and southern lower and middle slopes, laid out by piecemeal
addition across and up those slopes from foci in the troughs west and south
east of Louden Hill. The field system also extends across the hill's south
east and eastern slopes where, despite some medieval clearance, its layout and
character remain clear. Beyond the plots on Louden Hill's south east slope, a
detached area of prehistoric field system survives, truncated by medieval
pasture clearance, in the low-lying trough to Steping Hill.
The irregular field system shows strong biases in the distribution of hut
circles within the contemporary settlement with much the most densely occupied
focus occurring within the rounded plots on the lower south east slope: of 53
hut circles attributable to this early phase of land use, 35 are clustered
along or beside these plots' upper walling, at the interface of the arable and
pasture areas. These hut circles are generally small but substantially built,
often with inner or outer facing slabs or both and most are levelled, some by
terracing on rubble platforms. Some will be ancillary buildings rather than
round houses, especially likely in six examples under 4m across internally.
Beyond those plots, hut circles are generally well-spaced giving a very low
settlement density, biased towards the middle and upper slopes where nine
occur on the south east side and six on the west and south west sides; in
addition three survive on the eastern upper and lower slopes. Apart from those
on the eastern slope, where medieval clearance may have reduced surviving
numbers, the low density and mostly higher setting of these more scattered hut
circles suggests a role in the pastoral aspects of the economy in this early
phase of the hill's prehistoric settlement.
The irregular field system also contains localised areas of small low rubble
mounds; some occur singly but others form dense scatters in three plots on the
western slope. Many may reflect surface-stone clearance during use of the
field system, perhaps serving for burial too. However, others occur close to
breaks in plot walls, contributing to wider evidence for later prehistoric
dismantling of the irregular field system, transforming an enclosed landscape
with arable as an important component into a more open landscape appropriate
for a predominantly pastoral economy.
This scheduling contains at least 26 prehistoric cairns whose size, structure
or setting indicates a prehistoric funerary and ritual function, with
considerable variation in form and strong biases in distribution with 18
forming a scatter along the hill's middle and lower slopes from the west,
through the south west to the south east. Elsewhere in the scheduling, a low
cairn is located at the foot of Louden Hill's northern slope and a small cist
on the western midslope, while a cairn at the foot of the eastern slope
incorporates several natural boulders. The remaining five cairns occur at
higher levels: of two small cairns 20m apart on the centre of the hill's
spine, the north eastern contains a possible cist; low rubble mounds of two
cairns 27m apart crown the hill's northern outcrops, and a small cairn below a
rocky scarp on the upper eastern slope has remains of a kerb and central cist.
The scheduling also contains four prehistoric ritual sites of other forms. A
small ring of spaced slabs adjoins, and may be contemporary with, an irregular
plot wall on the southern midslope. On the lower south west slope is a setting
of four end-set slabs, up to 0.9m high and arranged as two pairs 5.75m apart.
At the foot of the south east slope, is an ovoid rubble platform, 15m north
east-south west by 10m wide, terraced to 0.2m high from the slope along its
south east edge; it supports two large slabs: the south western is upright,
1.25m high, and the north eastern, 2.55m long, leans almost flat but probably
also originally upright giving two prominent standing stones. The fourth
ritual site, beside the southernmost summit outcrops on Louden Hill, closes a
natural `V'-shaped cleft with a curving rubble bank and traces of an inner
facing of edge-set slabs.
The more open prehistoric landscape following the slighting of the irregular
field system was divided into large blocks by long linear boundaries, part of
a wider network of boundaries subdividing north western Bodmin Moor from
Roughtor in the north east to Dinnever Hill in the south west. This scheduling
contains two such boundaries. The longest extends 853m, from its surviving
north west end in the trough to Stannon Down, curving smoothly over the centre
of Louden Hill and continuing south east across Steping Hill, fading due to
later clearance as it approaches the marsh fringing Garrow Downs. The second
linear boundary runs 500m to the south west, visible for 630m north west-south
east over the south west of Louden Hill from low lying marsh at each side. It
is of very different character, formed by linking successive lengths of the
irregular field system's plot walls, resulting in a very sinuous course though
the boundary takes a short cut across one plot corner.
Also mirroring this prehistoric phase on nearby Roughtor, the settlement
pattern contemporary with this opened landscape comprises large well-built hut
circles associated with discrete enclosures. Twelve hut circles form a loose
linear grouping along 250m of the lower western slope of Louden Hill,
extending south from the linear boundary crossing the centre of the hill.
Close by on the same slope are two enclosures 220m apart, each imposed on
parts of the earlier irregular field system and each strongly lynchetted
suggesting that they formed cultivation plots in the expanse of pasture
created across the slope.
Archaeological and environmental evidence from elsewere shows a general
retraction of intensive settlement from the south western moors by the early
first millennium BC: abandonment of the settlement with the linear boundaries
and enclosures probably corresponds with this. However maintenance of less
intensive pastoral activity into the early medieval period in this scheduling
is shown by ten small transhumance huts of late prehistoric and early medieval
date occupied during summer pasturing of stock on the upland. A related
structure attributable to medieval pastoral activity comprises collapsed
remains of a small chamber called a beehive hut on Louden's upper eastern
slope. Its elliptical chamber, 3.5m by 1.75m internally, is faced by coursed
and edge-set slabs; scattered slabs around the wall derive from a domed
superstructure. Beehive huts on the open moor, as here, are of medieval date
and are a more developed form of shelter than the transhumance huts.
Later medieval agriculture had a more substantial impact with the
establishment of a settlement on the eastern midslope of Louden Hill by the
1280s: reference to that settlement survives in a court record of 1288
relating to Henry Cauvel of the free tenement of `Lauedon'. The settlement is
accompanied by boundaries accommodating its landholding and activities into
the area's wider agricultural organisation. The settlement survives with two
farmhouses 25m apart, north west-south east, each of a form called a
longhouse, aligned downslope and divided into an upslope domestic quarters and
a downslope animal (cattle) house called a shippon. North of the southern
longhouse is a slender ancillary building subdivided by a cross-wall, located
within the shared ground between the longhouses which bears faint cultivation
ridging.
The medieval tenement is contained within a landholding (a tenement)
encompassing most of Louden Hill. Its defining boundary, enclosing a total of
41ha, varies considerably in form, from an earth and rubble bank with an outer
ditch on the hill's north west, north east and east sides, to a much slighter
bank and sometimes only a single line of stones lacking any visible outer
ditch around the west, south west and south sides of the hill; at three points
on the west side, the boundary incorporates rather than crosses hut circles to
complete its course. The tenement's boundary leaves gaps up to 40m wide from
the boundaries of the neighbouring Stannon tenement, to the north west, and a
separated area of the Louden tenement on Steping Hill to the south east; these
gaps maintained medieval cross-moor routeways after the Louden tenement was
defined.
Within the core area of the tenement, an embanked droveway runs downslope from
the settlement to a break (later blocked) in the tenement boundary. A short
gap near the centre of the droveway's north bank is accompanied by the stance
of a small structure. Over about 200m north from this droveway lies the
tenement's main area of arable cultivation, marked by downslope cultivation
ridging extending about 150m-175m east to the tenement boundary from the edge
of the denser surface scree, locally called clitter, on the upper slopes.
Within this ridged area are numerous small heaps of cleared surface stone,
often against boulders too large to remove. Surface rubble was also aggregated
to give low discontinuous banks parallel with the ridging, partly defining
strip subdivisions of the overall ridged area. A smaller area of faint
cultivation ridges extends about 30m south from the droveway, defined to the
south in part by a bank and ditch. The tenement's separate area on Steping
Hill was also partly cultivated, with some ridging visible near the centre of
its area, slighting the prehistoric linear boundary crossing the hill
adjacent to it.
The pasture on the east and south east sides of Louden Hill will have remained
prime grazing for the settlement since much of it lies within the tenement,
although it had been cleared earlier in the medieval period: the tenement
boundary overrides the clearance debris, pushing its ditch through it,
implying the clearance was achieved before the tenement's definition by the
boundary. Exclusion of this tenement from rights on the neighbouring commons
formed the subject of the court roll of 1288.
There is no evidence for continuous occupation of the Louden settlement beyond
the medieval period: its abandonment corresponds with a wider reduction in
cultivation and decrease in settlement density evident on Bodmin Moor from the
late 14th century onwards. Activity at the medieval settlement did not totally
cease: a small rectangular post-medieval shelter and stock pen was built into
the south west corner of the southern longhouse, reusing the earlier wall-
corner. Elsewhere, the dominant post-medieval agricultural regime, the
reversion to common pasture, gives few tangible traces but it is reflected in
the continued use of the medieval cross-moor routeways to each side of Louden
Hill: no longer closely confined by the tenement boundaries, they take less
defined courses. Evidence for other post-medieval activity most widely
involves moorstone-working and peat-cutting. The many small moorstone-working
sites range from widespread scatters of split surface slabs and abandoned
roughouts of the intended finished products, most frequently grain and cider
millstones, to more intensive but small scale quarrying of large boulders or
bedrock outcrops. Stone extraction shows a particular emphasis across the
north west flank of Louden Hill. The majority of the hill's stone extraction
sites show `wedge' slots along their split edges indicating that most of this
activity took place prior to AD 1800, though sporadic sites do occur with
drilled splitter's holes denoting later working.
Exploitation of peat deposits for fuel has produced several areas of
distinctively uneven ground, especially over the spine of Louden Hill and on
its south western midslope. Peat cutting near the centre of Steping Hill also
produced a large rectangular ditched platform where cut peat, locally called
turf, was stored awaiting transport off the moor; another example, ovoid in
plan, is located on Louden's upper eastern slope. On the south east slope of
Louden Hill is a large irregular post-medieval pillow mound, built to house
rabbits kept for food and fur. The mound has a roughly level upper surface
with several exposed slabs which may derive from built chambers and passages;
it remains actively occupied by wild rabbits.
The metalled surface of the modern track is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time.

The complex sequence of archaeological remains in this scheduling provide an
excellent example of a palimpsest in which the diversity of surviving features
demonstrates clearly the succession of prehistoric to post-medieval land use
changes on and around Louden Hill. The prehistoric remains show with unusual
clarity the multiple phases of settlement and landscape organisation from
which they derive, revealing an unusually long development of prehistoric
activity. Those remains survive in sufficient detail and scale to show
variations through time in densities, forms and distribution of prehistoric
settlement and farming systems, together with the important influence of the
topography upon them. The inclusion of a range of funerary and ritual
structures within that sequence provides valuable insights into the
integration of religious, economic and settlement activities among prehistoric
communities and attitudes to remains encountered from earlier users of the
same land.
Of equal importance are the medieval remains in this scheduling, comprising
the very rare survival of a tenement's entire medieval boundary system,
complete with its longhouse settlement and associated areas of cultivation
ridging and improved pasture, barely affected by later modification or reuse.
Again the strong influence of the topography is shown well, both in the
disposition of the tenement's boundaries, preserving routeways to either side
of the hill, and in the organisation of activity within the tenement. The
extensive physical survival of this tenement is complemented by the
contemporary historical reference bearing on its relationship with the
neighbouring common pasture and naming one of its 13th century owners.
The value of the remains from all periods on and around Louden Hill is greatly
enhanced by the good survival of other multi-period archaeological sites on
most sides beyond this scheduling, notably around Roughtor, Brown Willy,
Garrow and Dinnever Hill, setting the features within this scheduling in their
wider context and allowing the nature and development of landscape
organisation to be traced from the prehistoric period onwards over a
considerable area of north western Bodmin Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spooner, G M, Russell, F S (eds), Worth's Dartmoor, (1967)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Johnson, N, Rose, P, 'The Human Landscape to c 1800' in Bodmin Moor An Archaeological Survey, , Vol. 1, (1994)
Nowakowski, J A, Herring, P C, 'Cornish Archaeology' in The Beehive Huts of Bodmin Moor, (1985)
Nowakowski, J A, Herring, P C, 'Cornish Archaeology' in The Beehive Huts of Bodmin Moor, (1985), 185-195
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
Other
1:1000 Bodmin Moor Survey AP plot SX 1379, (1977)
Amended also by A Preston-Jones, Sharpe A & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 53, (1984)
Carter A/RCHME/CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:2500 AP plot SX 1380, (1979)
CAU , Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Hill Contexts 188, 191, 195, (1984)
CAU Bodmin Moor Survey Archive, Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 132, (1984)
CAU Bodmin Moor Survey Archive, Johnson, N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 94, (1984)
CAU Bodmin Moor Survey archive, Johnson, N & Rose, P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 105, (1984)
CAU, 1:1000 Bodmin Moor Survey plan SX 1379 NW, (1984)
CAU, 1:1000 Bodmin Moor Survey plan SX 1380 SW, (1984)
CAU, 1:1000 Bodmin Moor Survey plan, SX 1380 NE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Srvy 1:1000 plans SX1379NW/NE; SX1380SW/SE; SX1480SW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay for SX 1379 NW, (1984)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay for SX 1379 NW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1379 NE,
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1379 NE, (1984)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1379 NE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1379 NW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1380 NE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1380 SE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1380 SE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1380 SW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1479 NW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plan & overlay SX 1479 NW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans & overlays SX 1379 NW & 1380 SW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans & overlays SX 1379 NW & NE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans & overlays SX 1380 NW/NE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans & overlays SX1379NE & SX1380SE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans & overlays SX1379NE & SX1479NW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans SX1379NW/NE SX1380SW/SE SX1480SW, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans SX1379NW/SE & SX1380SW/SE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans/overlays SX1379NW/NE SX1380SW/SE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey plan & overlay for SX 1379 NW, (1984)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey plan & overlay SX 1379 NE, (1985)
CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey plan & overlay SX 1379 NW, (1985)
CAU, Cornwall SMR entries PRN 1974 & 1979,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entries PRN 1982-3,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entries PRN 3347.2 & 3348,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 12146,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 1980,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 1984,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3334,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3336,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3338,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3339,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3341,
CAU, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3343,
CAU, Field Survey Rec Cards for Louden Contexts 192,42,45,49-52,120-4, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Context 194, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 195, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 174, (1985)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 189, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 190, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 190, (1985)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 191, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 191, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 192, (1985)
CAU, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 193, (1985)
CAU, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 114, 164, 196, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 188 & 191, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 19; 22; 25 & 27, (1983)
CAU, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Hill Contexts 106 & 107, (1984)
CAU, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Hill contexts 191 & 194, (1984)
CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry for SX 17 NW/31,
CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry No SX 17 NW/90,
CCRA Sites & Monuments Register entry SX 18 SW/73,
consulted 2000, Cornwall SMR entry PRN 1983,
Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1974 & 1979,
Cornwall SMR entries PRN 3347.2 & 3348,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 3616,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.1,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.10,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.11,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.12,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.13,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.14,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.15,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.16,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.17,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.19,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.23,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.6,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.7,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.8,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3047.9,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3345,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3346,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3347.1,
Cornwall SMR entry PRN 3359.17,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register entry SX 17 NW/24,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 17 NW/27,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 17 NW/27,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 17 NW/28,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 17 NW/29,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 18 SW/23,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register entry SX 18 SW/73,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register entry SX 18 SW/74,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register entry SX 18 SW/74,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA Sites and Monuments Register Entry SX 17 NW/33,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 17 NW/32,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 18 SW/23 & SX 17 NW/23,
Cornwall SMR paper record, CCRA, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register entry SX 18 SW/71,
Dated 3/8/1982, Sheppard P A, AM 107 FMW report for CO 901, (1982)
Gerrard G A M & Johnson N, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 128, (1984)
Gerrard G A M & Johnson N, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 129, (1984)
Gerrard G A M & Johnson N, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 130/1-/2, (1984)
Gerrard G A M & Sharpe A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 54, (1984)
Gerrard, S., English Heritage Book of Dartmoor, 1997, Forthcoming
Gerrard, S., English Heritage Book of Dartmoor, 1997, Forthcoming
Including accompanying 1:50 plans, Johnson N & Sharpe A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 21 & 21/1, (1984)
Including accompanying 1:50 plans, Johnson N & Sharpe A, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 21 & 21/1, (1984)
Johnson N & Barton S, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 127, (1984)
Johnson N & Barton S, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 81, (1984)
Johnson N & Barton S, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 81/1, (1984)
Johnson N & Barton S, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 82, (1984)
Johnson N & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 138, (1984)
Johnson N & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 142, (1984)
Johnson N & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 139, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts given in Cntxt 191, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Hill Contexts 75 & 76/1, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Recd Cards of Louden Contexts 14/29/175/176/187/188, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 126, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record card for Louden Context 26, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 102, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 106, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 107, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 116, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 131, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 43, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 6, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 76/2, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 78, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 88, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 90/1, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 90/2, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 97, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 98, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 99, (1984)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Cards for Contexts covered by Context 188, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 15 & 16, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 178 & 186, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 181 182 & 188, (1983)
Johnson N & Rose P, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts in Context 186, (1985)
Johnson N & Sharpe A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 20, (1984)
Johnson N/Rose P/Sharpe A/Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden contexts 30; 60; 61; 79, (1984)
Johnson N/Sharpe A/Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden contexts 141-3; 145; 152, (1984)
Mercer R J, AM7 scheduling documentation and maplet for CO 899, 1973,
Mercer R J, AM7 scheduling documentation and maplet for CO 900, 1973,
Mercer R, AM7 scheduling documentation & map for CO 901, 1973,
Mercer R, AM7 scheduling documentation for CO 900, 1973,
On site visit on 19/07/2000, Pers comm by V Holyoak in conversation with MPPA at the site, (2000)
Overlays should also be consulted, CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans SX 1379 NW & SX 1380 SW, (1985)
Overlays should also be consulted, CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans SX1380SW/SE; SX1379NE; SX1479NW, (1985)
Paper record of the Cornwall SMR, CCRA Sites & Monuments Register Entry SX 18 SW/74,
Pers comm from Peter Herring in conversation on 29/6/2000, (2000)
Peter Herring, Pers comm in telephone conversation with MPPA on 29/6/2000, (2000)
Preston-Jones A & Sharpe A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 77, (1984)
Quinnell N V, Ordnance Survey Record Card for SX 18 SW 4, (1976)
Recorded 1983-4, CAU, Field Survey Record Cards for Contexts contained in Context 194,
Rees S E, AM7 scheduling documentation and maplet for CO 1041, 1976,
Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 121, (1984)
Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 110, (1984)
Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 117, (1984)
Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 125, (1984)
Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 165/1, (1983)
Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 165/2, (1983)
Rose P & Radcliffe R, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 173, (1985)
Rose P, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 196, (1987)
Sharpe A & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 147, (1984)
Sharpe A & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 147, (1984)
Sharpe A & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Hill Context 53/1, (1984)
Sharpe A & Gerrard G A M, Field Survey Record Cards for Louden Contexts 56 & 57, (1984)
The /1 entry for Context 164, Rose P & Preston-Jones A, Field Survey Record Card for Louden Context 164, (1984)
Title: 1:2500 Ordnance Survey Map appended to AM7 scheduling document for CO900
Source Date:
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: 1:2500 Ordnance Survey Map as appended to CO 900 scheduling documentation
Source Date: 1908
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map sheet SX 17 Bodmin Moor (West)
Source Date: 1964
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map sheet SX 17
Source Date: 1964
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: 1st Edition 1": 1 mile Ordnance Survey Map Cornwall sheet XXX
Source Date: 1813
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: 1st Edition 1": 1 mile Ordnance Survey Map Cornwall sheet XXX
Source Date: 1813
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Title: 25": 1 mile Ordnance Survey Mapping as appended as maplet to SAM CO 899
Source Date:
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
Approx 1906 edition
Title: 6": 1 mile Ordnance Survey Map Cornwall sheet XX NE
Source Date:
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
Pre 1970's Editions with 1905 Survey base
Use in conjunction with overlays, CAU, Bodmin Moor Survey 1:1000 plans SX 1379 NW/NE & SX 1380 SW/SE, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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