Ancient Monuments

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Two round barrows known as Jugger Howes, 250m east of Burn Howe Dale

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3883 / 54°23'17"N

Longitude: -0.5483 / 0°32'53"W

OS Eastings: 494367.735511

OS Northings: 500173.152738

OS Grid: NZ943001

Mapcode National: GBR SKMP.3P

Mapcode Global: WHGBC.KY4Q

Entry Name: Two round barrows known as Jugger Howes, 250m east of Burn Howe Dale

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1934

Last Amended: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019793

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31363

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Fylingdales St Stephen

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes two adjacent round barrows located on a prominent
rise on the northern end of Jugger Howe Moor overlooking a broad, shallow
valley to the north. It lies on the easternmost extent of the sandstone,
heather covered moor characteristic of the North York Moors. Today the moor
is little used but archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always
been the case. The prehistoric period in particular saw extensive agricultural
use of the area. It was also then being used for burials and activities
associated with the carving of patterns on exposed rock. Remains of these
activities survive today.
Each barrow has an earth and stone mound. They lie 10m apart. The northern
mound measures 7m in diameter and is 0.6m high. The southern mound measures 8m
in diameter and is 0.6m high. Both mounds were surrounded by ditches up to 3m
wide which have been filled in and are no longer visible as earthworks. There
is a slight hollow in the centre of each mound showing that they have been
investigated in the past.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The two round barrows known as Jugger Howes, 250m east of Burn Howe Dale have
survived well, and significant information about the original form of the
barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence of
earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mounds. The monument
lies in an area rich in similar monuments and offers important scope for the
study of social and ritual activities in the region during the prehistoric
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-34
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-34

Source: Historic England

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