Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 150m south of Thirley Beck Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Harwood Dale, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3377 / 54°20'15"N

Longitude: -0.4876 / 0°29'15"W

OS Eastings: 498431.549022

OS Northings: 494624.911092

OS Grid: SE984946

Mapcode National: GBR TL18.7T

Mapcode Global: WHGBS.H71H

Entry Name: Round barrow 150m south of Thirley Beck Farm

Scheduled Date: 25 November 1969

Last Amended: 9 February 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019774

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34569

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Harwood Dale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cloughton and Burniston

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which occupies a prominent position on a
slight rise in the centre of Harwood Dale. It is situated on the boulder clay
towards the eastern edge of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earthen mound which stands up to 0.4m high. Formerly it had
a diameter of 30m, but this has been reduced by ploughing over the years so
that now it measures no more than 15m. The full extent of the original mound
is included as significant remains will survive below ground.
The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments,
including further barrows as well as field systems and clearance cairns.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite disturbance, the round barrow 150m south of Thirley Beck Farm has
surviving archaeological deposits which will preserve significant information
about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it.
Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also
survive beneath the barrow mound.
The barrow is particularly important since it is one of only a few barrows in
the North York Moors area to survive as an earthwork in a valley bottom
location; the majority of upstanding barrows are situated on the higher ground
of the surrounding moorlands. It lies in an area where there are many other
prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments provides
insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across different
topographical zones of the landscape during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Craster, OE, AM7, (1969)
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey
Source Date: 1992

Title: Ordnance Survey 2nd Edition 25" sheet 62/14
Source Date: 1928

Source: Historic England

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