Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow on Surgate Brow 290m west of Surgate Brow Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Harwood Dale, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3312 / 54°19'52"N

Longitude: -0.5058 / 0°30'20"W

OS Eastings: 497261.952501

OS Northings: 493873.318024

OS Grid: SE972938

Mapcode National: GBR SLXC.95

Mapcode Global: WHGBS.6DDH

Entry Name: Round barrow on Surgate Brow 290m west of Surgate Brow Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019474

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34541

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Harwood Dale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Hackness with Harwood Dale

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position at the
top of the north eastern scarp edge of the Hackness Hills.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 0.9m high. It
measures up to 10m in diameter, although forestry ploughing has truncated the
east and west edges so that it is now slightly oval-shaped. Partial excavation
in the past has left an irregular hollow in the centre of the mound.
The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial
monuments.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow on Surgate Brow 290m west of
Surgate Brow Farm has survived well. Information about the original form of
the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for
earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath
the barrow mound.
The barrow is the only survivor in a cluster of three and is one of six which
were originally distributed along the top of Surgate Brow. The association
with other similar monuments provides an insight into the distribution of
ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey
Source Date: 1992
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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