Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle and iron working site on Holm Slack, 300m south of The Hulleys

A Scheduled Monument in Cloughton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3492 / 54°20'57"N

Longitude: -0.4576 / 0°27'27"W

OS Eastings: 500352.93057

OS Northings: 495948.587441

OS Grid: TA003959

Mapcode National: GBR TL74.QP

Mapcode Global: WHGBL.YY86

Entry Name: Stone hut circle and iron working site on Holm Slack, 300m south of The Hulleys

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019773

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34568

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Cloughton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cloughton and Burniston

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle and iron working site which are
situated beside a small stream, at the bottom of a steep-sided valley running
through the Moor Grit at the eastern edge of the North York Moors.
The hut circle is visible as an oval-shaped ring of boulders set into the
ground and laid horizontally. It is orientated north west to south east with
maximum dimensions of 10m by 8m externally, and it stands up to 0.4m high. The
boulders would have formed the foundations and lower courses of the hut walls.
There is an opening 3m wide alongside the stream at the north west end which
would have been an entrance to the hut. At the south east end of the oval, the
boulders define a sub-circular shallow depression measuring 5.5m in diameter,
which would have been the internal floor area of the hut; the boulders project
to the north west beyond the floor area as far as the hut entrance. In the
centre of the floor area there are two further boulders. The hut would have
been used for industrial activities rather than domestic occupation; limited
excavation in the 1920s uncovered evidence for iron working, including a
feature in the south east corner which was interpreted as a bowl furnace.
The hut circle originally lay just west of a contemporary settlement in an
area which also had prehistoric field systems and burial monuments. No
upstanding remains of the associated settlement now survive.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of
prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-
based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor
area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The
huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or
be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated
field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by
areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other
enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their
relationship with other monument types provides important information on the
diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance the stone hut circle and iron working site on Holm
Slack, 300m south of The Hulleys has survived well. Significant information
about the date and form of construction will be preserved. Important evidence
for the nature of the industrial activities carried out and the duration of
the occupation will survive within the internal floor area. The surrounding
area is poorly drained and subsoil features will contain waterlogged deposits,
preserving a wide range of environmental evidence in the form of organic
remains.
The hut circle originally lay just west of a contemporary settlement in an
area which also had prehistoric field systems and burial monuments.
Associations such as this provide evidence for the relationship between
industrial, agricultural, domestic and ritual activity in the prehistoric
period and offer important scope for the study of the distribution and
development through time of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Crew, P, 'Iron for Archaeologists. A review of recent work..' in Excavations at Crawcwellt, (1995), 32-35
Rimington, F C, 'Transactions of the Scarborough and District Archaeol. Soc.' in The Hulleys Stone Circle, (1958), 20-25
Rimington, F C, 'Transactions of the Scarborough and District Archaeol. Soc.' in The Hulleys Stone Circle, (1958), 20-25
Other
Wastling, V J, The Hulleys, Cloughton Newlands, 1997, Unpublished report

Source: Historic England

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