Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow known as Burn Howe

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3797 / 54°22'46"N

Longitude: -0.5971 / 0°35'49"W

OS Eastings: 491215.184594

OS Northings: 499151.813779

OS Grid: SE912991

Mapcode National: GBR SK8S.JR

Mapcode Global: WHGBJ.S5VS

Entry Name: Round barrow known as Burn Howe

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019758

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34410

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Fylingdales St Stephen

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on an east facing slope on
Fylingdales High Moor. This is at the eastern side of the sandstone, heather
covered moor characteristic of the North York Moors. Today the moor is little
used but archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the
case. The prehistoric period in particular saw use of the area for burials and
agriculture. Remains of these activities survive today.
The barrow has a circular earth and stone mound measuring 18m in diameter and
standing 1.4m high. There is a hollow in the centre of the mound resulting
from investigations in the past. The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m
wide which has been filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork.
The surface of the track crossing the south side of the monument is excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The round barrow known as Burn Howe has survived well. Significant information
about the original form of the barrow, the burials placed within it and the
relationship with other monuments in the area will be preserved. Evidence of
earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 1-34

Source: Historic England

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