Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 40m south west of Hilltop Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Perranarworthal, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.2197 / 50°13'10"N

Longitude: -5.1085 / 5°6'30"W

OS Eastings: 178347.478753

OS Northings: 40145.21143

OS Grid: SW783401

Mapcode National: GBR ZB.1C84

Mapcode Global: FRA 085F.ZKN

Entry Name: Round barrow 40m south west of Hilltop Cottage

Scheduled Date: 18 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019749

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32918

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Perranarworthal

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Stithians

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow, situated on an east facing
slope above the Carnon River valley. The barrow has an earth and stone mound
approximately 14m in diameter and 1.5m high, truncated on the west side by the
Truro-Falmouth railway line to leave the mound 8m wide WNW-ESE. It has a
gently rounded, rather irregular top above steeper sides around 0.8m high. The
south side of the barrow is fairly straight in plan and may have been
truncated slightly.
All fences and fenceposts are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The round barrow 40m south west of Hilltop Cottage survives comparatively
well. Although the mound has been truncated, it remains substantially intact,
as will parts of the underlying old land surface and any surviving original
deposits associated with the mound and old land surface.

Source: Historic England


Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map
Source Date: 1878

Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map
Source Date: 1906

Source: Historic England

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