Ancient Monuments

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Sub-rectangular enclosure in Great Bradford Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Holt, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3436 / 51°20'36"N

Longitude: -2.223 / 2°13'22"W

OS Eastings: 384563.703491

OS Northings: 160522.533502

OS Grid: ST845605

Mapcode National: GBR 1SD.NST

Mapcode Global: VH96W.FH4C

Entry Name: Sub-rectangular enclosure in Great Bradford Wood

Scheduled Date: 9 April 2001

Last Amended: 21 April 2017

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019731

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34203

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Holt

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bradford-on-Avon Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Summary

The monument includes a sub-rectangular enclosure, which is defined by an inner bank, ditch and outer bank. It is situated on a small rise of Oxford clay above the River Avon and is considered to date to late-prehistoric period, most likely between the Late-Bronze to Early-Iron Age.

Source: Historic England

Details

PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS: the monument includes a sub-rectangular enclosure, which is defined by an inner bank, ditch and outer bank. It is situated on a small rise of Oxford clay above the River Avon and is considered to date to late-prehistoric period, most likely between the Late-Bronze to Early-Iron Age.

DESCRIPTION: the sub-rectangular area measures c.29m by 26m internally. The inner bank is slight, 0.2m high and visible only on the N side. The ditch is 6.2m wide and 0.5m deep with well-defined edges, and the outer bank is up to 1m high and 3.4m wide. A modern track running SE to NW bisects the enclosure and is believed to have obscured the original entrance. A square depression in the NE corner of the inner bank may be a later pond.

The scheduling boundary includes 2m protective margin around the archaeological features considered to be essential for monument's support and protection.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The late prehistoric enclosure at Great Bradford Wood is scheduled for the following principal reasons:
* Survival: despite a pathway crossing the centre of the site, the enclosure survives well and its enclosing ditch and bank are visible as earthworks;
* Rarity: in this lowland area it is a rare survival of late prehistoric site with earthwork remains;
* Potential: associated buried remains will contain archaeological and environmental information which will provide evidence about the occupation and purpose of the site.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Environment Agency, 2005. Lidar, LIDAR ST86SW DTM 02-16-APR-2005
Wiltshire and Swindon Historic Environment Record : MWI2014 - ST86SW604 Enclosure, Great Bradford Wood
Historic England, National Archaeological Identification Survey: West Wiltshire Lowlands Pilot Project (2016)

Source: Historic England

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