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Medieval settlement and associated field system at Clattinger Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Oaksey, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6397 / 51°38'22"N

Longitude: -1.9883 / 1°59'17"W

OS Eastings: 400903.428128

OS Northings: 193428.850766

OS Grid: SU009934

Mapcode National: GBR 2QK.244

Mapcode Global: VHB33.H16V

Entry Name: Medieval settlement and associated field system at Clattinger Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019728

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34200

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Oaksey

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Oaksey

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

Details

The monument, which falls into three separate areas of protection, includes
the partly buried earthwork remains of the medieval settlement of Clattinger
together with an associated field system situated on the gravels of the Thames
valley 2km east of the village of Oaksey.
The surviving remains of the settlement are confined to the southern area
within the monument, and take the form of house platforms, up to 0.4m high,
either side of a hollow way 12m wide and 1.5m deep, running from south west to
north east for a length of 90m. To the south west the hollow way divides into
two branches. Both the house platforms and the hollow way have been partly
covered by deposition of sediment from the Swillbrook, a small tributary of
the Thames 250m to the south.
Some 50m to the south east is another hollow way 4m wide and 1.5m deep. This
runs from a field corner to the modern farm and represents a back lane to the
settlement. It is flanked to the north by a slight bank 0.2m high and 2m wide.
The definition of this feature is sharper than the remainder of the settlement
reflecting its later use.
Some 250m to the north of the settlement within two separate areas, is an area
of ridge and furrow, the earthwork remains of strips of land farmed under the
medieval strip field system. The ridges run from a small ditch to the south
west for a distance of 200m to a large earthen bank 0.6m high, interpreted as
a headland. The ridges are up to 0.4m high and spaced at a distance of 9.4m
from summit to summit. A downcut road leading to the farm crosses them but is
not included in the scheduling. Beyond the fenceline to the north the ridge
and furrow has been destroyed by gravel extraction and is thefore not included
in the scheduling.
Clattinger is recorded as Clothangare in a Lay Subsidy Roll of 1332.
All fenceposts and cattle troughs are excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more.
The Upper Avon and Thames local region has mixed characteristics, with
elements of both `village' and `woodland' landscapes. It is distinguished by
substantial densities of villages and hamlets associated with moderate numbers
of scattered farmsteads, giving a rather dense overall pattern, but the region
still carried woodland in 1086, and the Braden and Chippenham Forests reflect
this.

The medieval settlement at Clattinger Farm survives as a combination of extant
earthworks and buried remains and has a considerable potential for the
survival of archaeological and environmental evidence. The area of ridge and
furrow is a particularly well defined illustration of the strip field method
of farming.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Gover, J E B, Mawer, A, Stenton, F M, The Place-Names of Wiltshire, (1939), 64

Source: Historic England

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