Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Hender Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Beaworthy, Devon

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Latitude: 50.7583 / 50°45'29"N

Longitude: -4.1881 / 4°11'17"W

OS Eastings: 245765.852764

OS Northings: 97689.31657

OS Grid: SX457976

Mapcode National: GBR NT.1J34

Mapcode Global: FRA 2732.Q73

Entry Name: Hender Barrow

Scheduled Date: 29 July 1971

Last Amended: 13 September 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019727

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34242

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Beaworthy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Halwill St Peter and St James

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on an upland ridge overlooking
the valley of a tributary to the River Wolf. It is one of a dispersed group
lying along this ridge.
The barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 24.9m in diameter and
up to 1.6m high. It was cut on the north eastern quadrant in 1931 when a
workshop, which is still standing, was constructed and consequently part of
the mound was removed. There is also a central depression which measures up to
7.7m long, 4.2m wide and 0.4m deep. This may be the result of an unrecorded
antiquarian excavation. On the western side a now disused vehicular track also
cuts the edge of the mound. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material
to construct the mound was derived is preserved as a buried feature,
approximately 3m wide.
The workshop and vehicular track are excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite the removal of part of the north east quadrant of the mound to
construct a workshop, the vehicular access which cuts the mound on its western
side, and the possible earlier excavation trench across the centre of the
mound, Hender Barrow survives comparatively well and will contain
archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its
surrounding landscape. It is also one of a group of dispersed barrows.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX49NE10, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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