Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows on Broadbury, 140m and 230m south of Oakfield

A Scheduled Monument in Bratton Clovelly, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7423 / 50°44'32"N

Longitude: -4.1566 / 4°9'23"W

OS Eastings: 247934.77512

OS Northings: 95851.806558

OS Grid: SX479958

Mapcode National: GBR NW.2D6H

Mapcode Global: FRA 2753.Y79

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Broadbury, 140m and 230m south of Oakfield

Scheduled Date: 14 January 1959

Last Amended: 23 April 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017970

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30332

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Bratton Clovelly

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Bratton Clovelly St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows situated
on the prominent upland ridge known as Broadbury. The southernmost barrow
survives as a 26.8m diameter circular mound standing up to 1.3m high. The
northernmost barrow survives as a circular mound with a diameter of 24.3m
and it is 1.1m high. In each case the surrounding ditch, from which material
to construct the mound was derived, survives as a buried feature between 2.5m
and 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited ploughing, the two bowl barrows on Broadbury survive well and
contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the barrows
and their surrounding landscape. These barrows lie in close proximity to a
Roman camp.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX49NE7, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX49NE8, (1981)

Source: Historic England

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