Ancient Monuments

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Moated site and fishpond 450m north west of Hunkington

A Scheduled Monument in Upton Magna, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7227 / 52°43'21"N

Longitude: -2.6453 / 2°38'43"W

OS Eastings: 356510.082796

OS Northings: 314088.948362

OS Grid: SJ565140

Mapcode National: GBR BN.1KG0

Mapcode Global: WH9CT.BTKL

Entry Name: Moated site and fishpond 450m north west of Hunkington

Scheduled Date: 20 July 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019645

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33821

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Upton Magna

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Upton Magna St Lucia

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated
site and fishpond occupying a low-lying position and surrounded by gently
undulating land. This is considered to be the site of Moat House, which was
occupied by the Onley family in the 15th and 16th centuries. There is a
memorial brass plate to John Onley (died 1512) and his wife in the nearby
Church of St John the Baptist at Withington.
The moat defines a square island approximately 37m across. The arms of the
moat are between 8m and 20m wide, and the north eastern arm has been extended
by 40m to the south east to form an enlarged reservoir, which probably served
as a fishpond. All the moat arms, including the extension, are waterlogged.
The outer edges of the south eastern and north eastern moat arms and the
extension have been cut by modern drainage ditches.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 450m north west of Hunkington is a well-preserved example of
this class of monument. The moated island will retain buried structural and
artefactual evidence of the buildings that once stood on the site which,
together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat, will
provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of the
inhabitants. Organic remains surviving within the moat will also provide
information about the changes to the local environment and the use of the
land.
Fishponds were constructed throughout the medieval period and were used for
the breeding and storing of fish in order to provide a sustainable supply of
food. The adjoining fishpond provides further evidence about the economy and
lifestyle of the occupants of the moated site during the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

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