Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Wiggonholt Common, 290m south of Upperton's Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Parham, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9351 / 50°56'6"N

Longitude: -0.4934 / 0°29'36"W

OS Eastings: 505957.494871

OS Northings: 116155.500429

OS Grid: TQ059161

Mapcode National: GBR GJN.82S

Mapcode Global: FRA 96VM.X58

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Wiggonholt Common, 290m south of Upperton's Barn

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019644

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34296

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Parham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Wiggonholt

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated in woodland at the highest point
of Wiggonholt Common, around 2.5km south of Pulborough. The barrow has a
roughly circular mound up to 20m in diameter and 1.2m high. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was
excavated. This has become infilled over the years, but is visible on aerial
photographs as a buried feature about 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some disturbance caused by tree roots, the bowl barrow on Wiggonholt
Common, 290m south of Upperton's Barn, survives comparatively well and will
retain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its
construction and original use.

Source: Historic England


OS/69007 (8/03/1969), (1969)

Source: Historic England

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