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Medieval moated site off Moat Lane

A Scheduled Monument in Pulborough, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9601 / 50°57'36"N

Longitude: -0.5002 / 0°30'0"W

OS Eastings: 505425.599339

OS Northings: 118924.517319

OS Grid: TQ054189

Mapcode National: GBR GJ8.LCT

Mapcode Global: FRA 96VK.T2X

Entry Name: Medieval moated site off Moat Lane

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 29 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013178

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12856

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Pulborough

Built-Up Area: West Chiltington Common

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Pulborough St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes the surrounding moat and internal area forming the
site of a medieval moated manor house. The internal area, on which would
have been sited the manor house itself and ancillary buildings such as
kitchens, stables and storehouses, measures 60m east-west by 30m north-south
and is a regular rectangle in plan. The surface of the moat island undulates
subtly, suggesting the presence of surviving foundations and floor areas
below the surface.
The moat, which is now largely dry owing to gradual silting up, measures
typically 12m across and has a depth of 1.4-1.6m below the level of the
surrounding ground. On the south side, where the ground rises, the moat arm
has been cut deeper to maintain an appropriate depth. A slippage of the
ground on the outer edge of the moat on the eastern side has led to the
unusual form of this arm.
The tarmac of the pavement on the north side is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath it remains included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site off Moat Lane survives well and holds considerable
archaeological potential since both the moat and the internal area have lain
apparently undisturbed since their abandonment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
County monument no 2383,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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