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Moated site 140m east of Papworth Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Papworth Everard, Cambridgeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2482 / 52°14'53"N

Longitude: -0.1118 / 0°6'42"W

OS Eastings: 529002.492293

OS Northings: 262789.728242

OS Grid: TL290627

Mapcode National: GBR K58.2JL

Mapcode Global: VHGMB.0RRF

Entry Name: Moated site 140m east of Papworth Hall

Scheduled Date: 5 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019548

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33284

County: Cambridgeshire

Civil Parish: Papworth Everard

Built-Up Area: Papworth Everard

Traditional County: Cambridgeshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire

Church of England Parish: Papworth Everard St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Ely

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site situated 140m to the east of
Papworth Hall on the eastern edge of the village of Papworth Everard.
The moated site includes a sub-circular island, with a diameter of
approximately 50m, which is raised by at least 1m above the surrounding ground
surface. The island is contained by a semi-waterfilled moat with a V-shaped
profile which measures an average of 10m wide and up to 3m in depth. Causeways
across the east and west sides of the moat and aligned with the east face of
Papworth Hall were present in 1887, as shown on the first edition Ordnance
Survey map of this date.
The moated site is thought to represent the site of the manor of Papworth
Everard, which in the 1160s was held in demesne by Everard de Beche and
continued in his family until the second half of the 13th century. By the
early 14th century it was in the ownership of the de la Haye family, passing
through marriage to the Engaine and subsequently the Wimbish and St George
families during the late 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. The manor house was
occasionally mentioned from 1300 and is recorded in 1816 as being in a state
of disrepair. The present Papworth Hall was built in 1808 and is thought to
represent a successor to a building on the moated site. The grounds of the
hall were landscaped at the beginning of the 19th century and an Italian
garden, which was recorded in the 1890s within the moat, is no longer visible.
The telegraph poles, wooden benches and concrete slabs are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 140m east of Papworth Hall survives well. The island remains
largely undisturbed and will retain buried evidence for structures and other
features relating to medieval and post-medieval periods of occupation. The
buried silts in the base of the moat will contain both artefacts relating to
the period of occupation and environmental evidence for the appearance of the
landscape in which the moated site is set.
Comparison of this site with further examples, both locally and more widely,
will provide valuable insight into the nature of settlement in medieval
England.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Salzman, L F, The Victoria History of the County of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, (1982), 357
Other
Title: Ely Diocesan Tithe Map
Source Date: 1821
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
CRO
Title: Ordnance 25" 1st Edition Map
Source Date: 1887
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
CRO: 38.7
Title: Papworth Everard Enclosure Map
Source Date: 1815
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
CRO: Q/RDc 42

Source: Historic England

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