Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Burnt mound between Knottwell Sike and Bell Sike, 420m north east of Stotley Grange

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton in Teesdale, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.6347 / 54°38'4"N

Longitude: -2.045 / 2°2'41"W

OS Eastings: 397193.962365

OS Northings: 526618.943954

OS Grid: NY971266

Mapcode National: GBR GG5V.2C

Mapcode Global: WHB3Y.KRFV

Entry Name: Burnt mound between Knottwell Sike and Bell Sike, 420m north east of Stotley Grange

Scheduled Date: 24 November 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019461

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34360

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Middleton in Teesdale

Traditional County: Durham

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Church of England Parish: Middleton-in-Teesdale

Church of England Diocese: Durham


The monument includes a burnt mound at a spring in rough pasture north east of
Stotley Grange, between Knottwell Sike and Bell Sike. It is grass and
moss covered and measures 10m by 7m, and 0.7m high, with a central hollow.
There are at least three other burnt mounds in this pasture, which are the
subjects of separate schedulings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A burnt mound is an accumulation of burnt (fire-crazed) stones, ash and
charcoal, usually sited next to a river or lake. On excavation, some form of
trough or basin capable of holding water is normally found in close
association with the mound. The size of the mound can vary considerably; small
examples may be under 0.5m high and less than 10m in diameter, larger examples
may exceed 3m in height and be 35m in diameter. The shape of the mound ranges
from circular to crescentic. The associated trough or basin may be found
within the body of the mound or, more usually, immediately adjacent to it. At
sites which are crescentic in shape the trough is normally found within the
`arms' of the crescent and the mound has the appearance of having developed
around it.
The main phase of use of burnt mounds spans the Early, Middle and Late Bronze
Age, a period of around 1000 years. The function of the mounds has been a
matter of some debate, but it appears that cooking, using heated stones to
boil water in a trough or tank, is the most likely use. Some excavated sites
have revealed several phases of construction, indicating that individual sites
were used more than once.
Burnt mounds are found widely scattered throughout the British Isles, with
around 100 examples identified in England. As a rare monument type which
provides an insight into life in the Bronze Age, all well-preserved examples
will normally be identified as nationally important.

The burnt mound between Knott Well Sike and Bell Sike, 420m north east of
Stotley Grange survives well and will retain important archaeological
information concerning Bronze Age beliefs and practices. There are several
other burnt mounds in the locality, and together they form part of a more
extensive prehistoric landscape in Upper Teesdale which includes burnt mounds,
cairns, field systems and hut circles.

Source: Historic England


burnt mounds near Stotley Grange, Laurie, T, Burnt Mounds, (2000)

Source: Historic England

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