Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow, known as Rendcomb Old Park round barrow, 300m north east of Old Park Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Cerney, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.7814 / 51°46'53"N

Longitude: -1.99 / 1°59'24"W

OS Eastings: 400785.3984

OS Northings: 209195.8156

OS Grid: SP007091

Mapcode National: GBR 2NT.7QC

Mapcode Global: VHB2B.GHB6

Entry Name: Bowl barrow, known as Rendcomb Old Park round barrow, 300m north east of Old Park Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1949

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019404

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31936

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: North Cerney

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: North Cerney All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow just below the crest of a hill in the
Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures 42m in diameter and is 2.6m high. The
mound is surrounded by a ditch which has become infilled over the years and
can no longer be seen at ground level. It will, however, survive as a buried
feature about 5m wide. There is no record that the barrow has been excavated
in the past, although a slight hollow in the centre of the mound may indicate
an unrecorded investigation.
The post and wire fence which encloses an area with a diameter of 18m in the
centre of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Rendcomb Old Park round barrow survives well, and the mound is unusually
large compared to other barrows in the area. The mound will contain evidence
for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide
information about prehistoric burial rituals. It will also preserve part of
the original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow. The
mound and its surrounding ditch will also contain environmental evidence in
the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow amd the
landscape within which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 126

Source: Historic England

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