Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pinkwell long barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Chedworth, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.7939 / 51°47'37"N

Longitude: -1.9358 / 1°56'8"W

OS Eastings: 404525.248358

OS Northings: 210582.380434

OS Grid: SP045105

Mapcode National: GBR 3Q0.HDM

Mapcode Global: VHB2C.D5HN

Entry Name: Pinkwell long barrow

Scheduled Date: 12 August 1949

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003354

English Heritage Legacy ID: GC 244

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Chedworth

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Chedworth St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


Long barrow 215m west of Longbarrow Farm.

Source: Historic England


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a long barrow situated on the gently undulating plateau of the Cotswold Escarpment between the valleys of tributaries to the Rivers Churn and Coln. The long barrow survives as a roughly oval mound aligned north west to south east measuring up to 55m long, 25m wide and from 0.5m to 0.8m high with its side ditches preserved entirely as buried features. Allegedly it was historically excavated and found to contain three human skeletons within a chamber at the south eastern end of the mound. It lies beside a known ancient route.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be important.

Despite reduction in the height of the mound through past cultivation and partial early excavation the long barrow 215m west of Longbarrow Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England


PastScape 327676

Source: Historic England

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