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Round barrow 810m NNE of Waterloo Farm, the northernmost of three round barrows in Far Moor Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Sproxton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2314 / 54°13'53"N

Longitude: -1.1093 / 1°6'33"W

OS Eastings: 458156.046649

OS Northings: 482110.635217

OS Grid: SE581821

Mapcode National: GBR NMPH.MX

Mapcode Global: WHD8L.XXX0

Entry Name: Round barrow 810m NNE of Waterloo Farm, the northernmost of three round barrows in Far Moor Plantation

Scheduled Date: 24 May 1951

Last Amended: 10 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019347

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32676

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Sproxton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Helmsley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric
burial mound within Far Moor Plantation, located on the northern side of
Westwood Rigg.
The monument is the smallest of a group of three intervisible round barrows on
the top of the rigg. It is sited on a gentle north facing slope, 90m north
west of a barrow located on the spine of the rigg and 170m NNW of a larger
barrow on the south east facing slope, both being the subjects of separate
schedulings. From the southernmost barrow of the group, the monument appears
to be visually aligned with Easterside Hill, a very prominent natural hill 9km
to the NNW just north east of Hawnby. The round barrow is a steep sided 9m
diameter mound standing 1.4m high, with a deep central depression 4m in
diameter at the top and 2m in diameter at the base linked to the north side by
a shallow 1m wide trench. This is thought to be the result of an unrecorded
antiquarian excavation. Excavation of other examples of round barrows in the
region have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on
the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound
frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological
deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide is thus
also included within the monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century
antiquarians in search of burials and artifacts, leaving behind a central
depression as evidence of their work. However excavations in the latter half
of the 20th century have shown that round barrows typically contain
archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Secondary burials
tend to be located within the main body of the mound and sometimes one of
these was mistaken for the primary burial which was usually the goal of the
antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further
secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the
mound and infilled ditch. Additional valuable information about the mound's
construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will
also survive antiquarian excavation.
The round barrow 810m NNE of Waterloo Farm is one of three well preserved
round barrows on Far Moor which together form an important group.

Source: Historic England

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