Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 380m and 410m south west of Allaleigh Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Cornworthy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.3693 / 50°22'9"N

Longitude: -3.6679 / 3°40'4"W

OS Eastings: 281480.322016

OS Northings: 53480.993855

OS Grid: SX814534

Mapcode National: GBR QM.YCC2

Mapcode Global: FRA 3862.8VB

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 380m and 410m south west of Allaleigh Cross

Scheduled Date: 9 February 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019321

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33758

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornworthy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Cornworthy St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes two
Late Neolithic to Bronze Age bowl barrows, on an east to west alignment along
a broad ridge. The site is on a gentle slope with wide views to the south.
The eastern mound is slightly oval, between 32m and 37.5m wide by up to 0.9m
high. An encircling quarry ditch visible on the south and west sides is
between 4m and 6m wide by 0.2m deep.
The western mound is 44m in diameter by up to 0.4m high. No encircling ditch
is visible, but this will survive as a buried feature. A hedge and farm track
pass along the west side of the barrow, and the position of the ditch is
visible as a change in the slope of the lane. Both barrows are composed of
red-brown earth and small stones.
The modern road surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite their reduction by ploughing, the two bowl barrows 380m and 410m south
west of Allaleigh Cross are still visible mounds which will retain information
about their construction and use. It is probable that their primary burials
are undisturbed, while stratified deposits will be present in their
surrounding ditches.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 32

Source: Historic England

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